Thomas Morley: Biography, Songs & Music

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  • 0:00 'Now Is the Month of Maying'
  • 0:35 Morley's Early Life
  • 1:26 Morley's Music
  • 2:56 Morley's Later Years
  • 3:51 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Charis Duke

Charis has taught college music and has a master's degree in music composition.

Thomas Morley was a composer during the English Renaissance. He is largely responsible for the popularity of the Italian madrigal style in England. This lesson will discuss his life and works.

'Now Is the Month of Maying'

Now is the month of Maying,

when merry lads are playing!

Fa la la la la la la!

Have you ever heard the lyrics to the song 'Now Is the Month of Maying'? Maybe not, but tens of thousands of people have sung these words every year for five hundred years. Even The Beatles and The Rolling Stones can't match that record. How does a song have such long-lasting appeal? Mostly because Thomas Morley, English madrigalist extraordinaire, knew how to compose a catchy tune.

Morley's Early Life

No details are known about Thomas Morley's early years. He was born in 1557 or 1558 in Norwich, England. He may have trained as a boy chorister at the Norwich Cathedral, but this is conjecture. He was possibly a government spy. He did receive musical training from the prominent composer William Byrd. His first music position was at the Norwich Cathedral as 'master of the children,' or the chorus master.

Morley was a skilled organist. He became the organist at St. Giles and followed that up with the more prominent organist position at St. Paul's in London. He also earned a Bachelor of Music degree from Oxford University. In 1592, Morley became a gentleman of the Chapel Royal, the organization responsible for providing all the music for the British court. This was a great honor and the highest position he could hope to attain in England.

Morley's Music

Morley was influenced in his early years by his teacher, William Byrd. Byrd was a master of sacred polyphonic choral music. Polyphonic music has more than one melody sounding simultaneously. The polyphony employed by Byrd was broad and slow, ponderous and serene in its attempts to set the proper tone for worship services. Morley composed a handful of pieces in a similar style, but he soon found his own voice with the Italian madrigal.

Madrigals were polyphonic secular songs usually composed for four or five voices. The Italian madrigals were often light-hearted, fun, and about love. They were tremendously popular in Italy. It wasn't long before the madrigal rage spread throughout Europe. Morley published 25 canzonets, Italian 'little songs', in 1593, his first collection of songs in the Italian madrigal style. This was his true gift. Composing madrigals with English texts become his artistic focus for the rest of his life.

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