Titanic Lesson for Kids: Facts & History

Instructor: Casey Krone
In this lesson, we'll discuss the Titanic, a massive ship that sank in April 1912. You'll learn about the ship itself and the people who were on the Titanic that fateful night, as well as what brought this 'unsinkable' ship down.

What Was the Titanic?

Imagine that you were invited to take a trip on the most luxurious cruise ship in the world. This ship would have everything, including elevators, a heated swimming pool, 840 rooms, 2 barbershops, and 9 different decks to explore. Well, the Titanic had all this and more. The Titanic was a large passenger ship that, on the night of April 15, 1912, sank in the Atlantic Ocean on its way from the United Kingdom to New York.

A photograph of the Titanic

At the time, the Titanic was the largest man-made moving object in the world, measuring almost as long as three football fields end-to-end. It was as tall as a building, with 17 floors, and the engines needed 800 tons of coal per day to run. It was also one of the first ships to have electricity and an on-board phone system.

Who Was on the Titanic?

This trip was the Titanic's maiden voyage, which means it was the first trip. So, everybody wanted a ticket on this historical voyage. There were more than 1,300 passengers on the ship, including about 700 in Third Class, 300 in Second Class and 300 in First Class. Many in Third Class were families emigrating to the United States, and some of these families had to sell all of their belongings to afford a ticket!

Add to that the about 900 crew members, and a total of more than 2,200 people were on the Titanic during the maiden voyage.

The Fall of the Titanic

The Titanic's maiden voyage should have been an amazing trip for those on board. Tragically, it sank on the way to New York. About four days into the trip, the Titanic collided with an iceberg that created a 300-foot-long gash in the side of the boat. More than 1,500 people died that night.

A newspaper article published after the sinking of the Titanic
newspaper titanic

When the ship sank, 706 passengers and crew members survived by lifeboat. The first people off the ship were mostly from First Class, and many people in Middle and Third classes were left behind. The ship's musicians played music until the moment before the ship sank, and the ship's captain, Edward Smith, went down with the Titanic.

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