To-Do Lists with Commands: Spanish Practice Activity

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  • 0:02 Una Lista de Quehaceres
  • 0:54 Lista Para el Equipo…
  • 4:47 Lista Para la Familia…
  • 7:14 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Raychelle Heath

Raychelle has a BA in Spanish and an MFA in Writing. She has studied in Puerto Rico and currently lives in Mexico. She has taught Spanish in various settings.

After studying formal and informal commands, you may want some practice. In this lesson, you'll get to see how commands are applied when making to-do lists. You'll also get a chance to review the difference between informal and formal commands.

Una Lista de Quehaceres

Una lista de quehaceres (a to-do list) can help to keep us on track. When we have big projects to work on or a household to run, to-do lists will make sure that it's clear who is responsible for what. In this lesson, we'll look over a couple of to-do lists for a variety of contexts.

One will employ formal commands, and the other will mostly stick to informal commands. We'll use your knowledge of both types of commands to get a general understanding of these to-do lists. Don't worry if you don't know every word. You can use context clues to interpret the overall meaning. You may also notice that some words look like English words.

As you read these to-do lists, pay attention to what each person is being asked to do. Also, try to pay attention to whether the command is formal or informal.

Lista para el Equipo de Limpieza

¡Buenos días! Hoy tenemos mucho trabajo. Vean la lista de quehaceres para saber sus quehaceres. Para cualquier duda, pregunten a su gerente.

Rocio y José: Laven las sábanas de cuartos 1, 13, y 23. Limpien todos los cuartos en el segundo piso.

Margarita: Ponga jabones especiales en cuartos 5, 11, y 27. Cambie las toallas en cuartos 3, 4, 21, y 22.

Elena: Limpie los baños del vestíbulo y el restaurante.

Pedro y Julio: Lleven toda la basura.

Rosalba: Revise el ático y prepárelo para el nuevo cliente. No deje nada rojo en el cuarto según las especificaciones de él.

Manuel: Repare el foco en cuarto 20 y el retrete en cuarto 27.

Ahora, ¿qué sabes de los quehaceres del equipo de limpieza? If you're ready, decide whether the following statements about this conversation are cierto (true) or falso (false).

Preguntas sobre 'Una Lista de Quehaceres para el Equipo de Limpieza'

  1. Pedro tiene que limpiar los baños. cierto o falso
  2. Rosalba tiene que preparar el ático. cierto o falso
  3. Rocio tiene que lavar sábanas. cierto o falso
  4. Manuel y Julio tienen que llevar la basura. cierto o falso
  5. Manuel tiene que reparar algo en cuarto 20. cierto o falso
  6. Todos tiene que ver la lista. cierto o falso

Muy bien. Now, let's look at the answers:

  1. Falso
  2. Cierto
  3. Cierto
  4. Falso
  5. Cierto
  6. Cierto

And here is the translation of the text:

Good morning! Today we have a lot of work. Look at the to-do-list to know your chores. For any doubts, ask your manager.

Rocio and José: Wash the sheets for rooms 1, 13, and 23. Clean all of the rooms on the second floor.

Margarita: Put special soaps in rooms 5, 11, and 27. Change the towels in rooms 3, 4, 21, and 22.

Elena: Clean the bathrooms in the lobby and the restaurant.

Pedro and Julio: Take out all of the garbage.

Rosalba: Check the penthouse and prepare it for the new client. Don't leave anything red in the room in accordance with his specifications.

Manuel: Repair the bulb in room 20 and the toilet in room 27.

Ahora, let's look at a few things. Did you notice that all of the commands are formal commands? When making formal commands, the endings of the verbs usually switch from -ar to -er/-ir and vice versa. For example, the verb limpiar is usually conjugated as limpia or limpian. In the formal command, this becomes limpie and limpien. Formal commands don't change form when made negative. And did you notice the cognates on the list? Restaurante means 'restaurant' and cliente means 'client.'

Muy bien. Now, let's look at the next lista de quehaceres.

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