Transactional Strategy Instruction

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  • 0:01 Instructional Strategies
  • 0:56 Transactional Strategy
  • 3:09 Common Strategies
  • 5:43 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Natalie Boyd

Natalie is a teacher and holds an MA in English Education and is in progress on her PhD in psychology.

Have you ever noticed all the different things that you do as you read? Whether it's visualizing what you're reading or making predictions about what's to come, using reading strategies is a key part of the transactional approach to reading instruction.

Instructional Strategies

Ruby is a new teacher, and she's very excited about helping her students learn to read. But she's not really sure how to do that. There seems to be a million different things that she does as she reads: she pictures what's going on in the story, she asks questions, she tries to predict what might happen next, and many, many other things. How does she even begin to teach all this to her students?

An instructional strategy is a way of approaching how to teach a topic. For example, Ruby could teach her students how to read by having them pick out books that they are interested in and read them on their own. Or she could teach them how to read by helping them learn how to sound out words. Both of these are instructional strategies.

To help Ruby figure out how to teach her students how to read, let's look at one instructional strategy: the transactional strategy for reading.

Transactional Strategy

Ruby has realized that she does a bunch of things as she reads to help her understand what she's reading. Whether that's making predictions or visualizing what she's reading or just monitoring herself to make sure she's still understanding what's going on in the text, she does a lot of things, and often without even thinking about it.

How can she teach her students to automatically develop the meaning from what they are reading? The transactional strategy for reading involves teaching various reading comprehension strategies and how to use them with each other.

When Ruby pictures in her head what she's reading, that's a reading comprehension strategy that she's using. Ruby uses the strategies automatically to help her understand what she's reading, but her students don't. In order to teach them, there are two phases in transactional instruction.

Phase one involves teaching each strategy on its own through explanation and modeling. For example, Ruby might decide to teach her students how to make predictions. She would explain what a prediction is by saying something like, 'When you're reading, you might want to guess what will come next in the story. This is called making a prediction.'

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