Transactional Strategy Instruction

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Balanced Literacy: Activities & Examples

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:01 Instructional Strategies
  • 0:56 Transactional Strategy
  • 3:09 Common Strategies
  • 5:43 Lesson Summary
Add to Add to Add to

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Login or Sign up


Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Natalie Boyd

Natalie is a teacher and holds an MA in English Education and is in progress on her PhD in psychology.

Have you ever noticed all the different things that you do as you read? Whether it's visualizing what you're reading or making predictions about what's to come, using reading strategies is a key part of the transactional approach to reading instruction.

Instructional Strategies

Ruby is a new teacher, and she's very excited about helping her students learn to read. But she's not really sure how to do that. There seems to be a million different things that she does as she reads: she pictures what's going on in the story, she asks questions, she tries to predict what might happen next, and many, many other things. How does she even begin to teach all this to her students?

An instructional strategy is a way of approaching how to teach a topic. For example, Ruby could teach her students how to read by having them pick out books that they are interested in and read them on their own. Or she could teach them how to read by helping them learn how to sound out words. Both of these are instructional strategies.

To help Ruby figure out how to teach her students how to read, let's look at one instructional strategy: the transactional strategy for reading.

Transactional Strategy

Ruby has realized that she does a bunch of things as she reads to help her understand what she's reading. Whether that's making predictions or visualizing what she's reading or just monitoring herself to make sure she's still understanding what's going on in the text, she does a lot of things, and often without even thinking about it.

How can she teach her students to automatically develop the meaning from what they are reading? The transactional strategy for reading involves teaching various reading comprehension strategies and how to use them with each other.

When Ruby pictures in her head what she's reading, that's a reading comprehension strategy that she's using. Ruby uses the strategies automatically to help her understand what she's reading, but her students don't. In order to teach them, there are two phases in transactional instruction.

Phase one involves teaching each strategy on its own through explanation and modeling. For example, Ruby might decide to teach her students how to make predictions. She would explain what a prediction is by saying something like, 'When you're reading, you might want to guess what will come next in the story. This is called making a prediction.'

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create An Account