Tundra Biome Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Alexandra Owens

Alexandra has taught middle school science and has a master's degree in Math and Science Education.

In this lesson, learn all about life in the tundra. With temperatures dipping to below 50 degrees Fahrenheit and the home of the polar bear, you may think twice before you go to visit!

What is the Tundra?

Imagine getting ready to go to school during a cold winter day. What do you wear? Perhaps you wear a jacket and hat. Maybe even some mittens. Now image stepping outside and it being -50° F! That is what life is like in the tundra. This biome is the coldest is the world! A biome means a large area with similar climate, plants, and animals.

Tundra biomes can be found at each end of the planet at the poles. Picture a large area without trees and white as far as the eye can see. You will not see many animals in the tundra, especially in the winter. Plants are even more rare to find!

Polar bears live in the northern tundra.
polar bear

Tundra Climate

The tundra is extremely cold and dry. It is sometimes called a frozen desert because it receives so little precipitation. Many people think it snows there quite a lot, but that is not the case. The snow and ice that covers the ground may have been there for years and years!

The tundra has two seasons, winter and summer. Winters are very long and can last over nine months. On its coldest days, temperatures can dip to -50° F. They are also very dark. The sun may only be up for a few hours. The summer is not very typical either. Summers are quite short and may only reach 50° F at the highest. This is the only time you may see the ice melt, allowing plants to grow.

In the summer, small plants such as these can grow, but only for a couple months!
summer tundra

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