Types of Biomes: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: April Gwen Ellsworth

April has a master's degree in psychology and has experience teaching special populations from preschoolers to adults.

Some are hot, some cold. Some have a lot of rain, some hardly any at all. All have plants and animals, but different kinds. What are we talking about? Biomes. Learn about the five major biomes of the earth by reading on.

What is a Biome?

Take a look outside. What is the weather like? What kinds of plants and animals are there? When winter comes, is it cold and snowy or cool and dry?

As you answer these questions, you are talking about the biome you live in. Biomes are areas of the earth that have similar plants, animals, and climate.

Biomes are often grouped into five main types: aquatics, deserts, forests, grasslands, and tundra.

Aquatic Biomes

You've probably come in contact with water in at least a few ways today. Not only do we drink water, but we also wash with it, plants need it to grow, it makes rain and snow, and the list goes on and on. Water is so important to life that it covers 75% of the earth's surface!

Large areas of water where plants and animals live are called aquatic biomes. They have either fresh or salt water. Freshwater biomes, like ponds, lakes, and rivers, have plants like algae, pond lilies and cattails, and animals like snails, fish, and ducks.

Marine biomes have saltwater, like oceans. Algae and seaweed grow there along with animals like crabs, whales, and octopuses.

Aquatic Biomes (above) and Desert Biomes (below)
aquatic desert

Desert Biomes

The opposite of aquatic biomes might be deserts, which have very little water! Some deserts are hot and dry, while others are cold (like Antarctica), but what makes them alike is only a little rain or snow falls a few times a year.

Desert plants, like the cactus, prickly pear, and small bushes don't need much water so they survive well in deserts. Desert animals are usually smaller, like kangaroo rats, insects, and reptiles.

Forest Biomes

Anywhere that you see many trees together is called a forest biome. Forests are tropical, temperate, or boreal. Tropical forests are near the hot equator and have only two seasons, rainy and dry. Tropical plants include tall trees and ferns, with animals like parrots, bats, and lemurs.

In temperate forests, like those in America, many different kinds of trees grow. There is plenty of rain and four seasons. Animals like squirrels like to climb these trees, and you might also see bobcats and black bears.

Unlike warm tropical forests, boreal forests are found in cold areas like Canada and Alaska. They have short rainy summers and long, cold, dry winters. Mostly pine trees grow here, with animals like woodpeckers, hawks, and hares.

Forest Biomes

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account