Types of Government Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

This lesson plan will teach your students about different types of governments through the reading of a text lesson that explains governmental structures. Students will apply these concepts with hands-on activities and then demonstrate understanding with a role-playing project.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define and explain three structures of government
  • provide pros and cons for governmental structures

Length

1 - 1.5 hours

Materials

  • Copies of the text lesson Types of Government: Lesson for Kids, one for each student
  • 20 manipulatives for each student - 10 in each color such as red and blue
  • Colored pencils
  • Role cards for a democracy and monarchy
    • 1 president card
    • 1 emperor card
    • 6 senator cards
    • Citizen cards - one for each student in the class

Key Vocabulary

  • Government
  • Democracy
  • Monarchy
  • Anarchy

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.5.1

Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.5.2

Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.5.3

Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.5.4

Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.

Warm Up and Preparation

  • Start the lesson by giving each student ten manipulatives of each color.
  • Tell students that one color manipulative, we'll say blue, will represent leaders and the other color, we'll say red, will represent those not in charge.
  • Distribute the lesson Types of Government: Lesson for Kids and read the first paragraph in the section 'What Is Government?' with students.
  • Ask students to think about their family and its structure. Who makes important decisions? Who is allowed to have an opinion about these decisions? How are decisions made?
  • Now have students use their manipulatives to show the structure of their household. Model with your own family for guidance. For example, you may have you and your spouse as blue, or leaders. Pull those to one side. Then you have five children who are not leaders; put those five red to another side.
  • Discuss:
    • How many people are leaders in your household?
    • Who makes important decisions?
    • What role do you play in making decisions at home?

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