Types of Plants: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:03 The Main Difference in Plants
  • 0:39 Flowering Plants
  • 1:41 Plants Without Flowers
  • 2:34 What About Algae?
  • 2:55 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Shoshana Yarin

Shoshana has taught all grades with an emphasis in science and has a master's degree in science.

Have you ever wondered how to tell one plant from another? Scientists have studied plants for a long time and figured out some pretty cool similarities and differences. This lesson will teach you about different types of plants.

The Main Difference in Plants

I bet you know the difference between animal types. Can you identify a reptile, an amphibian, a fish, or a mammal? They are all similar because they have a backbone, but they're also very different. Plants can be broken down into groups just like animals.

Think about how animals can be classified into two major groups: backbones and no backbones. Plants can be split into two major groups also. Plants don't have backbones, but they all make food from the sun in a process called photosynthesis. That's how they're alike. They're different because some plants have flowers and some don't.

Flowering Plants

How much fruit or vegetables do you eat? Do you eat bread, cereal, or pasta? Believe it or not, much of the food we eat comes from flowers. Plants that have flowers produce covered seeds. They're covered and protected. The fancy name for a plant that has flowers and produced seeds is angiosperm. Think about eating watermelon. First, you have to cut it open, and then you find the seeds (and spit them out!).

Many plants that you might not even think about have flowers. Let's break it down a little further and give you some examples. The seeds of different types of flowering plants are different. A plant that grows from a seed with one leaf inside is called a monocot. A plant that grows from a seed with two leaves inside is called a dicot.

Monocots include plants like lilies, orchids, grasses, corn, and wheat. You can identify them because the veins in the leaves are parallel. Dicots are all the other beautiful flowering plants we know, like daisies, roses, sunflowers, and apple blossoms. You might notice the veins in their leaves are branched.

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