United Kingdom Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Claire DeSaussure

Claire has worked in behavioral programs at the Elementary Level and has an MLS with a focus on Creative Writing.

The United Kingdom is a country that sits in the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. It is an island that is part of Europe. It has a queen, but it also has a parliament. Learn about what makes up the United Kingdom.

The Whole United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is a country that you probably know as England: home of Harry Potter, Hogwarts, the queen, and tea in a fancy cup. But, did you know that the United Kingdom is a lot like America? Just like the USA is made up of different states, the United Kingdom is made up of different small countries. You can think of the United Kingdom as a jigsaw puzzle with a really cool accent!

Map of the United Kingdom


Let's think about the countries that make up the United Kingdom. At the northern end of the country (the very top) is Scotland. Scotland is home to the kilt, which is a lot like a skirt, but it's worn by men only! Each kilt is made up of a special kind of cloth called tartan. There is a different pattern of tartan for each clan, or family group in Scotland. Haggis is a famous Scottish food. Some people joke that it is an animal that runs wild in Scotland, but it is actually a meal wrapped up in the skin of a sheep's stomach. Sounds disgusting, right? If you're feeling adventurous, you can buy it in a can and have some for dinner.



The biggest part of the United Kingdom is England. This is where you would go to visit London , the capital city. You could ride the tube, London's subway system, or walk across Tower Bridge. You could even go to the Tower of London and see the crown jewels, which are the precious gems owned by the queen. There are still many castles left in England, and if you are lucky enough to go there, you can go inside and climb the staircases up to the towers. Some castles will even let you go inside the dungeons!


Wales is the country on the western, or left side. Wales is a country that is known for coal they dig from their mines, and also for their amazing singers. They're also very famous for their rugby team. Rugby is a game a lot like football, but it is played without pads and helmets. The leek is a favorite symbol of Wales. During a famous battle the soldiers wore the vegetable on their helmets so they could identify each other.

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