Using Data to Inform Instruction Video

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  • 0:04 Using Data to Drive…
  • 0:39 What Is Data?
  • 1:49 Instruction Components
  • 3:33 Methods of Re-Teaching
  • 5:32 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Marquis Grant
This lesson highlights how data is used to improve student achievement through instruction, assessment, analysis, and re-teaching. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.

Using Data to Drive Instruction

The term data-driven instruction has not always been part of teaching and learning. Educators created lessons and assessments based on state standards (educational guidelines), but there was little thought given to how student data should play a role in curriculum design and classroom instruction. In fact, most planning adopted a one-size-fits-all approach, with the attitude that students would either get it or they wouldn't. High failure rates and poor test results brought in the new idea of data-driven instruction, using student data as a means of planning and delivering instruction.

What Is Data?

Data, in this case, is information obtained about students collectively and individually. You can obtain data two different ways: formally and informally.

  • Formal data comes in many different forms. You can get information through standardized tests, teacher-made tests, projects, course-based examinations, or psycho-educational assessments. Formal data can be used to determine how well students did individually, how well students did compared to their peers at the same grade level, or how well students did as a whole group.
  • Informal data is information that's relevant when measuring student progress and understanding of instruction, but it's done without the use of standardized assessments. Methods for obtaining informal data could include group discussions, student-teacher conferences, or journal writing about a teacher-selected topic.

As the teacher, you may have a better idea of your students' skill levels if you use information from both formal and informal sources. This can give you a clear understanding of students' strengths and weaknesses so that you can plan instruction based on student needs, not just your curriculum pacing guide.

Data Driven Instruction: Components

There are at least four main components that should be part of using data to drive instruction. Those components are instruction, assessment, analysis, and re-teaching.

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