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Using Double Object Pronouns in Spanish

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Pablo Serna

Pablo has taught college Spanish at the University of Missouri and Central Methodist University, and has a master's degree in Spanish literature.

Double-object pronouns are used when combining direct objects and indirect-object pronouns. Learn to define indirect-object and direct-object pronouns and practice writing sentences using double-object pronouns in this lesson. Updated: 10/09/2021

Indirect and Direct Object Pronouns

Today's lesson is about double object pronouns, which means both an indirect object (IO) pronoun and direct object (DO) pronoun are used in the sentence. So, before we jump in, let's review IO and DO pronouns.

Look at this sentence: Mi mamá me regaló el carro a mí.

Can you label the parts of the sentence? Remember that a direct object is a noun that receives the action of the verb. An indirect object is a noun that indirectly receives the action of the verb and answers the question to whom or for whom. In the example sentence, the car is what was gifted and 'a mí' and 'me' answers the question 'to whom.'

Subject IO pronoun Verb DO IO
Mi mamá me regaló el carro a mí
  • The DO pronouns are as follows: me, te, lo/la, nos, os, los/las.
  • The IO pronouns are: me, te, le, nos, os, les.

But the pronouns change when we use both in the same sentence.

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Double Object Pronouns

Combining IO and DO pronouns in a sentence will use the following pronouns:

IO Double Object IO
me me
te te
le se
nos nos
os os
les se

DO Double Object DO
me lo/la
te lo/la
lo/la lo/la
nos los/las
os los/las
los/las los/las

Notice the IO pronouns are the same whether the sentence has only IO pronouns or double object pronouns except 'le' and 'les' become 'se.' The singular DO pronouns (me, te, lo/la) all become 'lo' or 'la' and the plural DO pronouns (nos, os, los/las) become 'los' and 'las.' In a double object pronoun sentence, the IO pronoun comes first, followed by the DO pronoun. Look at these examples and notice the IO and DO order and use.

Mi mamá me regaló el carro a mí. Mi mamá me lo regaló.
Yo le escribí una carta a él. Yo se la escribí.
Nosotros compramos los zapatos para ti. Nosotros te los compramos.
Papá, vas a repararme el carro a mí? Si, te lo voy a reparar.

Notice 'a mí' in the question changes to 'te' in the answer because the child asked and the father responded.

Practicar

Convert the following sentences with IO and DO into sentences with double object pronouns.

1. Mi amiga me recomienda la falda a mí.

2. Ellos compraron la computadora para él.

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