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Using Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation to Enhance Learning

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  • 0:12 Introduction
  • 0:59 Definitions
  • 2:00 Classroom Application
  • 4:04 Sources of Intrinsic…
  • 5:34 Use of Rewards
  • 6:38 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Melissa Hurst
Why do you want to learn about educational psychology? Do you enjoy reading about different theories and practices? Do you have to pass this class in order to receive a degree? Our behaviors are driven by intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In this lesson, distinguish between these types of motivation and learn how they can enhance learning.

Introduction

Picture this scenario: Three friends hit the gym after work. Macho Mindy, Fit Fred and Tentative Tom. Macho Mindy heads directly to the 75-pound weights and begins curling as fast as she can. Soon, she has drawn a crowd and this seems to encourage her to do more reps. Fit Fred heads to the treadmill. He enjoys running and often talks about the health benefits and increased energy he feels after each run. Tentative Tom just stands in the middle of the gym. He's not sure why he's even there. He wants to feel more energetic but he also wants to gain more muscle to impress his friends. Mindy and Fred are motivated to work out, but their motivation is derived from different sources. Poor Tom isn't sure what motivates him yet.

Definitions

Not all motivation has the same effect on human learning and behaviors. In this lesson we are going to talk about the effects of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.

Intrinsic motivation refers to motivation to engage in an activity for its own sake. People who are intrinsically motivated perform tasks and engage in behaviors because they find them enjoyable. Simply participating in the activity is reward enough. Fit Fred falls into this category. Fred enjoys running and is happy about how he feels afterwards. He needs no other motivator to continue running.

On the other hand, extrinsic motivation is motivation promoted by factors external to the individual. Individuals who are extrinsically motivated work on tasks because they believe that participation will result in desirable outcomes such as a reward or praise. Macho Mindy is motivated by external rewards such as praise and a muscular appearance.

Classroom Applications of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

It is easy to assume that intrinsic and extrinsic motivation fall along a continuum with intrinsic motivation on one end and extrinsic on the other. However, there is no automatic relationship between the two. For any activity, an individual may have both high extrinsic and intrinsic motivation, low or in between, on any given day.

Let's go back to the gym. Tentative Tom is intrinsically motivated by the health benefits of working out, but he is also motivated extrinsically by building muscle to impress his friends. In the classroom, a student might study hard for a math test because he or she wants to have the highest grade in the class but also because he or she really enjoys the subject.

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