# Using the AND function in Excel

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• 0:03 What Is the 'AND' Function?
• 1:57 Example
• 4:07 Results
• 5:21 Lesson Summary

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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Dr. Douglas Hawks

Douglas has two master's degrees (MPA & MBA) and is currently working on his PhD in Higher Education Administration.

Many commonly used functions in Excel are the simple-to-moderate mathematical functions. However, Excel also has text functions that significantly enhance the mathematical functions. In this lesson, we'll learn about the AND function.

## What Is the 'AND' Function?

Excel is a very powerful data analytics tool. As organizations invest more in data analytics, Excel is becoming more powerful, with more functions, and working with more third-party applications. It's also moving from being a quantitative or numeric-focused spreadsheet to a database that includes logical functions, such as the AND function.

The AND function allows the Excel user to evaluate or test multiple conditions. In the syntax of Excel programming, whether it be as part of an IF-THEN statement or a conditional formatting command, the AND function can become a powerful part of a logical statement.

The AND function needs at least two arguments to assess. Those arguments can be as simple or complex as you'd like or need them to be. They are separated in the AND function by a comma, just like all of the arguments in Excel functions are. It provides either a 'true' or 'false' result based on the arguments inside the AND function.

Thus, for a very simple example, we could put =AND(3>2, 8=8) into an Excel cell and the answer would be TRUE. It's true because 3 is greater than 2 and 8 does equal 8. If we changed the last argument to 8=7, the answer to the formula would be FALSE, because while 3 is still greater than 2, 8 is not equal to 7, so both conditions are not true. Notice the syntax of the AND function; each term inside the parentheses is separated by a comma.

## Example

The AND function can be very versatile and help in a number of ways. First of all, it's not limited to just two arguments. In fact, it can handle as many as 255. So, imagine you are a college administrator that has a scholarship funded by a private donor, but that donor was very specific with what kind of student should get the scholarship. In fact, the donor said they must be female, have at least a 3.5 grade point average, be a finance major, and be a graduate from one high school: North High School.

Now you have all of that information in your list of students, but it happens to be over 15,000 students long. You could try and sort it by a couple of the criteria, and then try to review the list to find the other two. Or, you could use the AND function, even though you need to match four criteria. To make this easy to read for anyone familiar with Excel, let's assume that gender is either male or female, and in column B; high school is either North High or something else, and in column C; selection of major is in column D; and GPA is in column E. Your list of 15,000 students starts on row 2, since the headings are in row 1.

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