Using the Cubing Strategy to Differentiate Instruction

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  • 0:03 What Is Cubing?
  • 2:29 Cubing as an…
  • 4:33 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Dana Dance-Schissel

Dana teaches social sciences at the college level and English and psychology at the high school level. She has master's degrees in applied, clinical and community psychology.

The cubing method is a flexible and adaptive way to differentiate instruction. This lesson defines cubing and introduces ways to use it effectively in the classroom.

What Is Cubing?

Let's assume that you were asked to teach a group of 30 students how to analyze a story. Where would you begin? How would you accommodate the different levels of ability among the students? Cubing might be the right answer!

Cubing is a method of instruction that allows teachers to provide six concepts or ideas to students in a simple way. Cubing is a great tool for providing differentiated instruction. Differentiated instruction is a way of teaching that allows teachers to present content in multiple ways to accommodate the needs and learning styles of individual students. Cubing does just that.

Imagine a cube and let's look at how it might help us to teach students how to analyze a story. Each side of the cube might have a word related to comprehension. For example, one side might have the word who. Another has what. A third lists when. The fourth side says where. The fifth reads why and the sixth how.

Each side of the cube prompts the student to consider a specific aspect of reading comprehension. Students can work individually or in groups to move through all six sides of the cube to determine the important elements of the story. For example, you might have students working individually, each with a cube of his or her own, where they are asked to roll the cube three times and respond in writing to the three concepts that they roll. Using cubing on an individual level allows for differentiation in instruction because the content on the cube can be adjusted to accommodate the different levels of ability among students.

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