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Using Videos in a Flipped Classroom

Instructor: Andrew Diamond

Andrew has worked as an instructional designer and adjunct instructor. He has a doctorate in higher education and a master's degree in educational psychology.

In this lesson we'll explore some resources for integrating video into flipping your classroom. You'll learn of some places to find educational videos as well as tools for making your own! A short quiz follows.

Using Videos in a Flipped Classroom

In the early 2000s a new concept began reverberating throughout the educational community. A buzz quickly developed around a new concept: flipping the classroom. Don't worry, there are no gymnastics involved. The idea is very simple, and in this lesson we'll show you some simple ways you can implement videos into the flipped classroom.

First, let's define the concept of flipping in educational terms. Traditionally, students are introduced to a new topic in the classroom by their teacher and then are tasked with mastering it through homework. In the flipped classroom (sometimes called inverted classroom) this concept is turned around, with students introducing themselves to the concept outside of the classroom and then working on mastery and higher-level cognitive tasks in the classroom. If you're familiar with Bloom's Taxonomy -- which organizes the cognitive skills necessary to complete intellectual tasks from lowest to highest -- you can say that the student engages in the lower levels of learning (e.g., remembering, understanding) outside of class, then higher-level tasks (e.g., analyzing, evaluating) are done in class.

A real strength of flipping the classroom is that students, teachers, and parents all benefit from the better allocation of time and resources. Teachers and students are able to devote more of their class time to complex tasks. Students, when working on the fundamentals outside of class, can take all the time they need to understand content. This allows them to gain understanding before moving on to the next subject, something they might not be able to do in the classroom. Finally, because of the learning opportunities at home, parents are able to be more involved in their child's education.

Resources: TV, Internet, & More

Given the nature of the flipped classroom, most often the teacher will assign students to watch a certain video on a subject they will be covering in class the next day. The goal of these videos should be to introduce students to the fundamental concepts of a topic. For some subjects, such as science or history, this is relatively easy to find. Other, more obscure concepts, may very well involve the teacher creating a video, a topic we'll address later.

Television

Despite what your mother may have said, television will not rot your brain. (Actually, you might want to consult a neurologist on that question.) What is true is there are plenty of excellent options on television that will allow students to be introduced to core concepts. For example, there are many television stations dedicated solely to providing quality science-based programming. These channels usually have specials dedicated to a single topic (e.g., snakes), which can serve as excellent introductions to a lesson. Other channels focus on history, politics, and technology. You'd be amazed what great educational programming there is if you tear yourself away from housewives throwing chardonnay at each other!

Internet Resources

The Internet is an astounding resource for teachers looking to find videos to support their classroom and allow students to delve into a wealth of subjects. In addition to this website you're on right now, which is host to thousands of video lessons on a variety of subjects, you can also usually find online videos simply by poking around your favorite search engine. Some are even produced by fellow teachers and universities.

For instance, let's say you want your students prepared to come to class and discuss the beginnings of the Revolutionary War. There's sure to be a video for that. You're likely to find Internet resources for the whole of American history, from the first people to cross the Bering Land Bridge all the way up to modern times! When your students view these videos, they will come to class with the knowledge necessary to allow them to analyze the deeper aspects of the topic at hand, saving you from having to cover the fundamentals.

Creating Your Own Video

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