Valentine's Day Lesson for Kids: Facts & History

Instructor: Jennifer Lowery

Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.

Valentine's Day is a holiday celebrated around the world in February. Learn about the history of this famous day, and discover some interesting facts in this lesson.

The Famous Holiday of Love

A few weeks before February 14th rolls around, what type of commercials do you see on TV more often? If you guessed ones about flowers, diamond rings, and chocolates, you're exactly right! These are gifts that are commonly given on the holiday that celebrates love--Valentine's Day.

However, in the beginning, this holiday did not celebrate love. It was actually a Christian feast celebration. In the 14th century, the idea of love became a part of this holiday. It is widely thought that Valentine's Day was declared an official holiday in England in the 1500s by King Henry VIII.

Nowadays, it is a major holiday around the world. People in the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Europe celebrate this holiday of romance and love. Billions of dollars are spent each year on chocolates, cards, and flowers.

This painting shows a woman getting a Valentine love letter.
The morning of St. Valentines Day

Who are St. Valentine and Cupid?

Valentine's Day is named after St. Valentine, but there were actually several saints named Valentine throughout history. So, no one is sure of the specific St. Valentine that this holiday was named after.

The image of Cupid is often seen around Valentine's Day. Cupid comes from mythology and represents the god of love. Cupid is a cherub, or winged angel, that has a bow and arrows. It is said that one of the arrows can make the person struck by it feel undying love for another. The other arrow has the opposite effect and makes the person want to run away from someone!

Cupid is a mythological creature representing love.
red cupid bow and arrow

Symbols and Special Treats

Everyone knows that candy and flowers are the main gifts for Valentine's Day. Red roses are the most popular flower given on this holiday. Candy hearts and chocolates are especially popular treats to give those you love.

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