Values & Principles of Scrum

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  • 0:06 Agile and Scrum
  • 1:11 The Agile Manifesto
  • 3:19 Scrum Values
  • 5:25 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: CaSandra Minichiello

CaSandra has a bachelor's degree in Computer Information Systems and has taught Agile along with Scrum and Kanban for over 10 years.

The values of Scrum are extremely important to understand as they are considered its foundation. In this lesson, you will gain a better understanding of the values behind the Scrum framework.

Agile and Scrum

If you are a software developer, you have probably heard the term Agile or have heard of the Agile Manifesto. The two have become popular buzzwords in the software industry and many use it without truly understanding what it means.

Often, Scrum and Agile are used interchangeably, which isn't exactly correct. Agile is a way to describe an incremental approach to software development and Scrum is the framework or set of processes that helps implement incremental delivery. The Agile Manifesto was published in 2001 as a set of values and principles. Scrum, being an Agile approach, follows the same principles as the Agile Manifesto but has its own set of values as well. It is one of the many frameworks that fall under the umbrella of Agile or the Agile Manifesto.

On a quest to demystify the two so that we can understand the key differences, we listened to Bob interview Jody, an expert in Agile and Scrum who has been practicing the two for the past fifteen years. Bob is a Director of Development who is trying to teach his team of developers about Scrum.

The Agile Manifesto

Bob asks, ''Jody, could you please explain the Agile Manifesto in simple terms for my team?''

''Sure, Bob!'' Jody replies. ''The easiest way to explain it is that the Agile Manifesto has four simple values. The values were created by a team of software engineers and developers, much like your own team, to encourage people to develop better ways of building complex software. The first value says the individuals and interactions are more important than processes and tools.''

'What does that mean exactly?' asks Bob.

''It means that the focus should be more on people and the interaction between them versus becoming dependent on tools and processes. For example, instead of depending on a tool to tell you when to begin a task or even what your task is, try to talk with your teammates face to face and agree on the tasks and start times. Or, instead of spending hours on developing processes that may provide little value, focus more time on actually developing software. This is similar to the second Agile Manifesto value, which states that working software is valued more than comprehensive documentation.''

'That makes sense. So, the first two values could be summarized as follows: People should work together more often and focus on the best ways to deliver quality working software instead of writing excess documentation or depending on tools? ''

''Yes, that would be a perfect, summarized statement.''

''So what are the remaining two values?''

''The third value says that customer collaboration should be valued more than contract negotiation. Do you see how the writers of the Agile Manifesto really want people to collaborate?''chuckles Jody.

''I do!''

''Now for the final value: Responding to change is valued more than following a plan. This doesn't mean that we should ignore contracts or project plans, but it means that customer collaboration and accepting change should be encouraged.''

''Thank you, Jody! That does make sense and thanks for keeping it as simple as possible!'' states Bob.

''No problem! Now that you understand the Agile Manifesto, let's discuss values specific to Scrum,'' says Jody.

Scrum Values

''Scrum follows the four values of the Agile Manifesto but also outlines its own set. They are listed as: focus, courage, openness, commitment, and respect. Here is a poster that shows the five values and what they mean.' Jody hands a large, brightly colored poster to Bob.

It reads as follows:

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