Vascular Plants Lesson Plan

Instructor: Adrianne Baron

Adrianne has a master's degree in cancer biology and has taught high school and college biology.

Vascular plants come in many shapes and sizes. Your students will explore vascular plants as they watch and discuss a video, create a vascular plant display as a class, and take a quiz.

Learning Objectives

At the completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define vascular plant
  • identify vascular plants
  • describe the structures of vascular plants


1.5 hours

Curriculum Standards


Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions.


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.


Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g., a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words.


  • Angiosperm
  • Eudicot
  • Gymnosperm
  • Monocot
  • Phloem
  • Vascular Vessel
  • Xylem


  • Copies of the lesson quiz
  • White/chalk board
  • Poster boards
  • Colored pencils
  • Student computers
  • Computer with projector
  • Transparency with the names of vascular plants


  • Begin the lesson by telling your students that they likely ate one or more vascular plants over the course of today and yesterday. Let them know that they will learn more about vascular plants as they watch Vascular Plants: Examples, Types & Characteristics.
  • Play the lesson for your students and stop it periodically for discussions.
  • Pause the video at 2:02 to ask and discuss:
    • What are vascular plants?
    • What are vascular vessels?
    • What is the phloem?
    • What is the xylem?
    • How does having vascular vessels make plants able to grow larger?
  • Continue playing the video and pause it again at 3:58 to ask and discuss:
    • What are ferns?
    • What are gymnosperms?
    • What are some examples of gymnosperms?
    • What are angiosperms?
    • What are the two categories of angiosperms?
    • What are monocots?
    • What are eudicots?
    • How can you tell the difference between monocots and eudicots?
  • Continue playing the video and pause it at 4:51 to ask and discuss:
    • What are the largest vascular plants in the world?
    • What are the smallest vascular plants in the world?
    • Where do the smallest vascular plants in the world exist?
  • Play the remainder of the video for your students and answer any questions they may have.
  • Ask students what vascular plant they have eaten recently. List their answers on the board.

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