Venezuela Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Jennifer Lowery

Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.

The South American country of Venezuela is filled with diverse sites and people. In this lesson, learn about the history of the country, and find out about its geography, climate and landmarks.

Let's Travel to South America!

To travel to Venezuela (pronounced ven-uh-zway-la), you'll need to head to South America. This country is located near the top of the continent, and it is often described as being in the shape of a triangle. Its largest city, Caracas, is also the capital and the center of business and industry for the country.

Venezuela is located at the top of South America.
Map of Venezuela

History of Venezuela

Venezuela has a somewhat rough history. The name roughly means 'Little Venice,' because Christopher Columbus and other explorers in the late 1400s thought the area resembled Venice, Italy. The Spanish established settlements and colonies, and these colonies depended on agriculture and slave labor for their economy.

Venezuela experienced a revolution in the early 1800s, and eventually after many deadly battles the country broke free from Spanish rule in 1829. After the revolution, the country had civil wars and the rule of many dictators, leaders who are not elected by the people. Although citizens can now elect leaders, there is still some unrest with the politics of the country.

Geography and Climate

No matter if you are a beach or mountain person, Venezuela's diverse geography has something for you. There are islands and coastal plains to the north, and to the northwest lie the Andes Mountains. There are also upland areas that have thick rain forests and lots of natural resources, including gold and diamonds. One of the most spectacular sites in Venezuela is Angel Falls, the tallest waterfall in the world at over 3,000 feet tall!

Angel Falls.
Waterfall in Venezuela

The climate of Venezuela is tropical, meaning it stays fairly warm throughout the year. However, some mountain areas with high elevations can have differences in temperatures. How would you like two seasons instead of four? Venezuela has two seasons, rainy and dry. The wettest time starts in May and can last until November. The most dry season usually is from December through the last part of March.

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