Viajar: Translation & Subjunctive Conjugation

Instructor: Yolanda Reinoso Barzallo

Yolanda holds a CELTA Cambridge, a Juris Doctorate, and a Master of Public Administration. She is a published author of fiction in Spanish.

We hope you travel to a Spanish-speaking country where you can practice the language. This wish is the present subjunctive in Spanish and the verb ''viajar'' means 'to travel'.

We Hope you Travel

How often do you think about traveling to a Spanish-speaking place where you can practice all you have learned? Or perhaps you have already done it! Either way, we recommend, wish, and hope that you travel.

The verb 'to travel' is viajar (bee-ah-HAR). Wishes, hopes, recommendations, etc. require the present subjunctive in Spanish. This is a very common tense - learn it today as we recommend you some great places to add to your wish list. Let's begin our travels through the present subjunctive!

Present Subjunctive Formulations

As we already know, the present subjunctive expresses a wish, a hope, even a doubt at times. In the case of viajar, you can use it to tell someone that you hope, wish, want, or doubt that they will travel. Also, the present subjunctive is when you tell someone that it is necessary, good, recommended, etc. that they go to bed. Some common expressions are:

  • Espero que... (ehs-PEH-roh keh) means 'I hope that...'
  • Deseo que... (deh-SEH-oh keh) means 'I wish that...'
  • Quiero que... (kee-EH-roh keh) means 'I want that...'
  • No quiero que... (noh kee-EH-roh keh) means 'I don't want that...'
  • Es necesario que... (ehs neh-seh-SAH-reeoh keh) means 'It is necessary that...'
  • Es bueno que... (ehs BWEH-noh keh) means 'It is good that...'
  • Es recomendable que... (ehs reh-koh-mehn-DAH-bleh keh) means 'It is recommended that...'
  • Es importante que... (ehs eem-pohr-TAHN-teh keh) means 'It is important that...'
  • Dudo que... (DOO-doh keh) means 'I doubt that...'

Present Subjunctive Conjungation

Viajar (bee-ah-HAR) - 'to travel'

Subject Pronoun Viajar Conjugation Pronunciation Translation
yo viaje bee-AH-heh I travel
viajes bee-AH-hehs you (singular/informal) travel
él/ella
usted
viaje bee-AH-heh he/she - you (singular/formal) travel
nosotros
nosotras
viajemos bee-ah-HEH-mohs we travel
vosotros
vosotras
viajéis bee-ah-HEH-ees you (plural/informal) travel
ellos/ellas
ustedes
viajen bee-AH-hen they/you (plural/formal) travel

Examples

Now that you have the conjugations, we can go ahead and see the present subjunctive of viajar in context. To begin, we have Carl. His goal is to learn everything about real Mexican cuisine. So, a trip adviser tells him:

  • Es recomendable que usted viaje a varias ciudades de México. (It is recommended that you travel to several cities in Mexico.)

Translation: If you go to Mexico, it is recommended that you travel to Teotihuacan to see the pyramids.
tourism

Next, we have an adventure traveler. His goal is to see a rain-forest. His uncle wishes him:

  • Espero que viajes a América del Sur para ver la región Amazónica. (I hope that you travel to South America to see the Amazonian region.)

Now we move to an office where the boss tells his employees about a sudden trip to Argentina to do important business:

  • Es necesario que viajen a Buenos Aires lo más pronto posible. (It is necessary that you travel to Buenos Aires as soon as possible.)
  • Es recomendable que Johanna viaje con el grupo y se familiarice con Buenos Aires. (It is recommended that Johanna travels with the group and familiarizes herself with Buenos Aires.)

We are now in a family home in Toledo (Spain). Here, people use vosotros to refer to groups of family/friends, whereas in Latin America people use ustedes even for family and friends. A dad is telling his sons what he does not want as they plan to travel to Costa Rica:

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