Login

Victim Impact Statement: Examples

Instructor: Marcia Neely

Marcia Neely is a teacher who holds both a MS degree in Reading & Literacy and a Ed Specialist degree in Curriculum & Instruction.

The victim impact statement communicates the voice of a victim throughout the U.S. criminal and juvenile justice systems. This lesson will provide specific examples of this type of statement and an overview of its role and importance.

What Is a Victim Impact Statement?

Victim impact statements are written or an oral accounts from crime victims about how a crime has affected them. The statement itself can be presented orally, in writing, and in audiotape or videotape forms. Many states in the U.S. allow victim impact statements at some phase of criminal sentencing. These statements are also permitted in pre-sentencing reports and at parole hearings.

Purpose

The purpose of victim impact statements is to allow victims of a crime the opportunity to personally describe the impact of the crime to the judge, court, or parole board. These statements are given during the decision making process, typically prior to or during plea bargaining, sentencing, or parole. The judge in each specific court case uses this pertinent information many times to help determine a criminal's sentence. Later, parole boards may use such information to help decide whether to grant a parole.

Examples

Victim impact statements may include a variety of descriptions, information, and examples. Many victims describe the emotional, physical, and financial damage caused by the crime. In addition, they may detail any medical or psychological treatments required by the victim or his or her family members. In almost all cases, the statement includes the victim's views on the crime and/or the offender, as well as the victim's views on an appropriate sentence.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?
I am a teacher

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account
Support