Vikings Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Learning about the Vikings can be fun and exciting for students. This lesson plan provides a text lesson to guide student understanding and accompanying activities to get students active in learning.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Explain how the Vikings lived.
  • Identify areas in which the Vikings lived on a map.
  • Determine main idea and key details about Vikings.


1 hour for core lesson plus one hour for extension activity

Curriculum Standards


Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.


Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.


Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.


Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.


  • Copies of the lesson Vikings Lesson for Kids: Facts & History, one for each student
  • Index cards
  • Beanbags
  • Map of Europe
  • Images of Viking longboats
  • Construction paper
  • Scissors
  • Craft sticks
  • Glue
  • Crayons
  • Highlighters

Key Vocabulary

  • Scandinavia
  • Longboat
  • Colonized
  • Navigation

Warm-Up and Preparation

  • Start the lesson by giving students five minutes to brainstorm what they know about Vikings, recording their thoughts in notebooks.
  • After five minutes, break them into small groups to share their prior knowledge.
  • Distribute chart paper to all students and have them label it 'Vikings.'
  • Now have them make a T-chart titled 'Prior Knowledge' and 'New Knowledge,' and record shared information in the first column.
  • Have each group share their T-charts with the class and ask:
    • What is the source of your prior knowledge? Movies? Books?
    • Was there anyone without any prior knowledge?

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