Volcano Experiment Lesson Plan

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

This lesson plan provides teachers with steps for building a simple volcano experiment with students. Students will learn about volcanoes and chemical reactions while working in groups to build their own volcano model.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Describe a volcanic eruption
  • Create a chemical reaction
  • Build a model of a volcano


This lesson will take approximately 45-90 minutes.

Curriculum Standards

  • NGSS. MS-ESS2-2

Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth's surface at varying time and spatial scales.

  • NGSS.MS-PS1-5

Develop and use a model to describe how the total number of atoms does not change in a chemical reaction and thus mass is conserved.


Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.


  • eruption
  • lava
  • magma
  • mantle
  • molten rock
  • tectonic plates


  • video clip of volcanic eruption
  • plastic cup
  • plastic plate
  • aluminum foil
  • tape
  • vinegar
  • baking soda
  • red food coloring
  • dish soap

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