# Vowels & Consonants: Lesson for Kids

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• 0:00 The Two Groups
• 0:45 Vowels & Consonants
• 2:00 Remembering The Vowels
• 3:07 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Charla Crews

Charla, an educator for over 30 years, has degrees in Early Childhood Education, SPED, and Educational Leadership.

Explore how the alphabet is broken down into two categories and how to identify which letters are consonants and which are vowels. Learn a fun strategy for remembering the two.

## The Two Groups

Sometimes when I eat M&Ms or Skittles, I separate them by their colors. Do you do that or do know someone who does that? Some children in my class liked to separate old crayons from new crayons. Putting items into groups makes remembering things easier.

All of our words are created by using some of the 26 letters in the alphabet. Did you know those letters could be divided into two groups? They are called vowels and consonants. They work together to help us pronounce written words. Each letter makes at least one sound. Learning the sounds of each letter helps us figure out words we do not know how to say. Let's take a look at the vowels and consonants.

## Vowels & Consonants

Vowels produce sounds through an open mouth without trapped sound. Five letters are always vowels. They are a, e, i, o, and u. Even if they are written as capital or uppercase letters, they are vowels. There is another letter that often hangs out with the vowel group. It is the letter y. Therefore, the vowels are a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y.

The remaining letters of the alphabet are always consonants. The group of consonants are: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z. Did you notice that y was in the consonant group too? Y is a member of both groups! Sometimes it is a consonant and sometimes a vowel. So, how do you know if y is a consonant or vowel? Well, most of the time when y is at the beginning of a word, it is a consonant. When y is in the middle or at the end of a word, it is usually a vowel.

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