Warthog Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Diane Sieverson

Diane has taught all subjects at the elementary level, was the principal of a K-8 private school and has a master's degree in Measurement and Evaluation.

Warthogs are a kind of animal that is found in Africa. This lesson will teach you about warthogs, what they look like, how they live, what they eat, where you can find them, and some other facts about these interesting animals.

What is a Warthog?

Imagine walking through plains of tall grass in the morning sun. You are enjoying the view when suddenly you hear snorts and grunts. You stop and look around, only to see an animal that looks kind of like a pig, but it has longer legs, big tusks, and a little bit of wiry hair. Although it's related to those cute pigs you see on a farm, this interesting-looking animal is a warthog!

Warthogs are wild hogs found in Africa that have tusks and wart-like bumps on their face. Those warts, which are more obvious on the males, aren't really warts like the kind you might get on your finger. They are actually lumps of thick skin that act like cushions which protect them from getting hurt when they bump heads and poke each other with their tusks. They do this to prove who the strongest warthog is so they can get the attention of the lady warthogs.


The biggest male warthogs can weigh about 330 pounds, which is more than 2 mountain lions, though they only weigh 1 to 2 pounds when they are born. They usually live to be between 11 and 15 years old in the wild.

They might not look super speedy, but warthogs can run up to about 34 miles an hour. That's faster than a gold medal Olympic sprinter! Their speed helps them outrun animals that want to turn them into a snack, like lions, leopards, and cheetahs.

Warthogs are also good at zig-zagging around while they run, the way you do when you play dodgeball, making them a hard snack to catch. They also use their sharp lower teeth like knives to protect themselves while squealing very loudly during a fight.

Where do Warthogs Live?

In the wild, you can find warthogs living in grassy plains and open woodlands in parts of Africa. The males, called boars, usually live alone, but the females, called sows, live in groups of as many as 40 with their little piglets.

And just like you probably didn't build your own house, warthogs don't like to dig their own burrows in the ground, either. Instead, they look for empty aardvark holes that aren't being used anymore, or other empty holes in the ground, and move right in.

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