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Weather Patterns: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 What Is a Weather Pattern?
  • 0:35 Hot and Dry Weather
  • 0:52 Cold Weather
  • 1:08 Rainy Weather
  • 1:22 Unusual and…
  • 2:34 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Donald Nicolas
In this lesson, you'll learn about weather patterns that are all around you. These patterns help us decide whether it's a good day to go to the beach or to stay inside with a good book.

What Is a Weather Pattern?

One of the first things many people do when they wake up in the morning is check the weather. The weather pattern where you live will help you and your parents decide what you should wear or bring to school that day. A weather pattern occurs when the weather stays the same for days or weeks at a time.

The patterns of weather are tied to the four seasons: summer, winter, spring, and fall. There are a few different weather patterns that you may already know about, such as hot and dry, wet and rainy, or cold. Let's explore these common weather patterns in more detail.

Hot and Dry Weather

During summer and spring, the weather pattern is commonly hot and dry. In the summer, temperatures are usually very high. If you go outside with your ice cream on a hot summer day, it may melt. During this pattern of weather, people try to stay cool by using the air conditioning or going for a swim.

Cold Weather

During winter, the weather pattern is cold, and temperatures are usually the lowest they will be all year. This weather pattern means there might be snow coming because of the low temperatures. When the weather pattern is cold, people wear hats, sweaters, jackets, and mittens to keep warm.

Rainy Weather

A rainy weather pattern happens mostly during the spring and summer. Rainy weather can be helpful to the environment because it provides water for plants to grow and for animals to drink. Farmers also need rain water so their crops do not dry out and die.

Unusual and Long-Lasting Weather Patterns

There are two unusual weather patterns that can happen during the year in the Pacific Ocean. These patterns are called El Nino and La Nina. El Nino happens when a change in the weather pattern makes the weather warmer than it would normally be. La Nina happens when a change in weather pattern makes the weather colder than it normally would be. The El Nino and La Nina weather patterns can last for a year or longer.

When a weather pattern lasts too long, dangerous emergencies can occur. Some examples of these kinds of emergencies are heat waves, floods, and blizzards.

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