What are Instructional Strategies? - Types & Examples

What are Instructional Strategies? - Types & Examples
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  • 0:00 What Are Instructional…
  • 0:54 Prior Knowledge Activation
  • 1:45 Demonstration &…
  • 3:19 Group Collaborative Learning
  • 3:50 Scaffolded Instruction…
  • 5:12 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Wendy A. Garland

Wendy has a Ph.D. in Adult Education and a Master's Degree in Business Management. She has 10 years experience working in higher education.

This lesson provides examples of different instructional strategies to help students learn, including prior knowledge activation, demonstration, problem-based learning, group collaboration, modeling, and scaffolded instruction.

What Are Instructional Strategies?

As a student, you may have noticed that you do different activities in different classes. Sometimes you get into groups to work on an assignment. Sometimes the teacher reads something aloud to the class then assigns them a project. Other times you read quietly to yourself or aloud in class and then discuss with your classmates. You may then present your work to the teacher as a group or write your answers down in an essay as homework. These are all different ways your teachers help students understand the objectives of a lesson.

While there are many different types of students and classes, people learn best when they're stimulated and engaged. In order for teachers to accomplish this, there are different teaching methods and plans. These are collectively called instructional strategies. Let's talk about some different strategies.

Prior Knowledge Activation

Prior knowledge activation involves using students' previous experiences to relate them to the material and create an engaged classroom. This strategy relies on the teacher's familiarity with the students. For example, a high school teacher might say:

'Most of you have mowed lawns, yes? You don't always do it the same way, do you? Sometimes you start from the middle and mow outward in circles, sometimes you start from the outside edges and cut in rows toward the middle, etc. Well, interpreting this reading can also be approached from many different angles, but it always connects together at the end, right?'

By getting the students to connect a lesson to a task with which they are familiar, the teacher creates an understanding in the students and helps them become independent learners by applying the same technique in all learning situations.

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