What Are the Brain's Functions? - Overview

Instructor: Hai Nguyen
You probably know that your brain is responsible for your movements, sensations and thoughts. But do you know which parts of your brain are responsible for which roles? Read on to learn more about how your brain works!

How the Brain Works

Structure and Function

Though your brain might seem like one large amazing organ, it's actually divided into many parts. Different parts of the brain are responsible for different functions. There are too many parts of the brain to address here, so we're going to focus on the brain's four lobes and take a look at some of their most crucial functions.

Four Lobes

Frontal Lobe - Responsible for problem solving, judgment, and motor function.

Parietal Lobe - Responsible for sensation (including pain!), information processing, movement, speech, recognition, and body position.

Temporal Lobe - Responsible for memory and hearing.

Occipital Lobe - Responsible for processing and interpreting visual stimulus.

Brain Function in Your Daily Life

So now that you have a general idea of what the different lobes of your brain do, let's take a look at how those different lobe work together to help you go about your day.

As you wake up in the morning, you open your eyes. Immediately, all that you see around you is translated by the occipital lobe. You may see the colors of the objects around your room, and you perceive the distance to the bathroom. All of these things that you see and perceive are being processed in your brain's occipital lobe.

Before you begin your morning routine, you hear the song you played before going to bed. You then take a moment to close your eyes and allow your temporal lobe to take in the beauty of the song you heard and remember listening to it as a child. For many of us, songs are connected to memories, and this connection occurs in our temporal lobe.

You begin to go about your morning routine: brushing your teeth, combing your hair, getting dressed. You are able to do all of this with the aid of the frontal lobe. Your frontal lobe is also what is going to get you to work on time, since it is responsible for the necessary mental (and physical) tasks required to get in your car and drive to your office, like coming up with a new route when you notice your usual exit is blocked.

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