What are the Latin American Countries & Capitals?

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  • 0:03 Where Is Latin America?
  • 0:22 Mexico & Central America
  • 1:36 The Caribbean
  • 3:37 South America
  • 5:23 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

Do you know where Latin America is located? It's actually comprised of several distinct regions. This lesson explains that as well as the countries and capitals of Latin America.

Where Is Latin America?

Great music, awesome food, a rich culture, and amazing people. That sounds like a pretty good description of Latin America. Latin America is typically seen as consisting of the country of Mexico, the regions of Central America and the Caribbean, as well as the continent of South America. There are a lot of countries in all of those places, so let's not delay learning about them!

Mexico & Central America

Lying right next to the United States of America is the nation of Mexico, with its capital of Mexico City, and its great love of football (soccer). Further south from here, on the way south towards the continent of South America, lies a region called Central America. This region consists of the following:

  • Guatemala, whose capital is Guatemala City: As easy to remember as Mexico's capital!
  • Belize: This nation's capital is Belmopan: While lying among Spanish-speaking nations, Belize only has one official language, and it is actually English.
  • Honduras, with its capital at Tegucigalpa: Honduras is a nation whose people are 97% Roman Catholic!
  • El Salvador, where the capital is San Salvador: This country gained independence from Spain in 1821.
  • San José, Costa Rica; a beautiful country well-known for its ecotourism.
  • Nicaragua, with a capital that rhymes - Managua: This country is considered to be one of the poorest nations in the entire Western Hemisphere.
  • Panama, the country of the Panama Canal: This country's capital is Panama City.

The Caribbean

To the east of Mexico and Central America, and south of the United States of America, lie many island nations collectively known as the Caribbean. Perhaps you visited one or more of these nations before as many are very well-known vacation destinations. These countries are listed with their capital first:

  • Saint John's, Antigua and Barbuda: The islands of this nation were inhabited as early as 2400 B.C. by people called the Siboney.
  • Nassau, the Bahamas: Christopher Columbus first set foot in the New World in what is now the Bahamas.
  • Bridgetown, Barbados: This island was deserted when the British first settled it in 1627.
  • Havana, Cuba: This is one of the last remaining communist nations on Earth and was home to the Cuban Missile Crisis in the mid-20th century. The world came close to nuclear catastrophe as a result.
  • Roseau, Dominica: This is a tiny nation whose total land mass is 751 square kilometers, which is smaller than the size of New York City.
  • Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: This nation occupies the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola. The rest is occupied by Haiti.
  • Saint George's, Grenada: Grenada was once inhabited by many Carib Indians.
  • Port-Au-Prince, Haiti: This country and its capital was devastated by a massive earthquake in 2010.
  • Kingston, Jamaica: This, of course, is the famous home of Bob Marley!
  • Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis: The alternative name to this country is Saint Christopher and Nevis.
  • Castries, Saint Lucia: This country was constantly pulled back and form between England and France in the 17th and 18th century.
  • Kingstown, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Due to fierce resistance by its natives, this country's land wasn't colonized until 1719.
  • Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: This nation produces a lot of oil and gas when compared to other Caribbean nations.

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