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What Are the Months in French?

Instructor: Emily Fellmann

Emily has taught French to all ages including college and high school both in the traditional classroom and online. She has 2 master's degrees in French Literature and Language.

In order to answer many common French questions, you'll need to know how to say the months of the year. Getting to know the French calendar is important for going to school, working, reserving a table and making travel plans.

Pronunciation and Spelling

Bonjour!

Quelle est la date d'aujourd'hui? (What is the date today?) Quand est votre anniversaire? (When is your birthday?) Quand est-ce que vous voulez prendre rendez-vous? (When do you want to make an appointment?) When do French people go on les grandes vacances (summer vacation)? To answer these questions in French, you'll need to know the months of the year.

Here you will find a pronunciation guide for the months of the year.

  • Note that the months are not capitalized in French as they are in English. Mon anniversaire est le 10 mars (My birthday is March 10th). That is, unless they fall at the beginning of a sentence. Novembre est le mois le plus beau (November is the prettiest month).
  • Also, le premier/le 1er = (The first)

Les Mois- Pronunciation

janvier (zhan-vee-ay) - January

février (feh-vree-ay) - February

mars (mahrs) - March

avril (ah-vreel) - April

mai (may) - May

juin (zhuahn ) - June

juillet (zhui-ay) - July

août (oot) - August

septembre (sep-tahm-br) - September

octobre (ok-toh-br) - October

novembre (noh-vah m-br) - November

décembre (day-shem-br) - December

Holidays and Celebrations Typical in Each Month

Le 1er (premier) janvier = Le Jour de l'An (New Year's Day)

Le 2 février = La Chandeleur (we eat yummy crèpes!)- (No English equivalent but similar origin to Groundhog's day)

Le 1er mai = La Fête du Travail (Labor Day)

Le 8 mai = Fête de la Victoire (1945) (Truman Day in Missouri)

Le 14 juillet = La Fête Nationale (Americans sometimes call this 'Bastille Day')

Le 1er novembre = La Toussaint (All Saints' Day)

Le 11 novembre = Le Jour d'Armistice (Veterans Day)

Le 25 décembre = Noël (Christmas)

Le 31 décembre = Saint Sylvestre/ Le Réveillon (New Year's Eve)

Months in a Date

The format for giving a date in French is the following: Le 2 janvier.

We put le before the number and then the month with a lowercase letter.

So for example we can say Noël est le 25 décembre. (Christmas is December 25th.)

Can you say your birthday in French? Mon anniversaire est _____.

One example is: Mon anniversaire est le 5 mars. (My birthday is March 5th.)

Months in Context

A toi! Your turn: Look at these authentic images and see if you can spot any French months of the year.


janvier


Did you spot the French month janvier (January)?


juillet


In this one do you see the month juillet which means July? Can you remember which holiday this date marks? That's right, la Fête Nationale est le 14 juillet (Bastille Day is July 14th).

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