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What are the Regions of the United States?

Instructor: Marquis Grant
What are the regions of the United States? This lesson discusses the different regional areas and their significance to American culture. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.

Regions of the United States

Regions are parts of the country that are grouped together based on geographical location. In the United States, there are many regions that make up the country's landscape. The primary regional areas are categorized as north, south, west, and midwest. However, you may come across information that classifies the regions into additional categories. For example, some northern states are known as New England states while other common groupings include the Middle Atlantic, Rocky Mountain, Southwestern, Pacific Northwest and Atlantic regions. For the purposes of this lesson, we will focus on the north, south, west, and midwest regions.

The United States is divided into several regional areas
US Regions

Northern Region

Sometimes states in the northern region are also referred to as the Mid-Atlantic, New England or Northeastern regions. States in the northern region include Maine, New York, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Delaware, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Vermont. This part of the United States is usually known for its cooler climate because of its proximity to the Arctic north. In the winter months, this region can experience temperatures in the negative digits accompanied by large amounts of snowfall that can leave residents nearly immobile for extended periods of time.

The North has always been known for its industrial businesses. The extremely cold climates in the Northern region makes agricultural endeavors challenging. Industrialization was considered a better business alternative, as it allowed those living in this region to make a living without a dependency on reasonable weather conditions and accessibility to major waterway trade routes.

Southern Region

The southern region of the United States is usually considered to be any states south of the Mason-Dixon line. The boundaries of this region extend to the Ohio River, which was a major means of transportation for business and personal travel. The states that are considered part of the south include: Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, North and South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Tennessee, Texas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana.

The South is generally known for its subtropical climates, which makes growing crops a more viable option for commercial business ventures. However, in the summer months temperatures can reach the triple digits causing problems with seasonal crops and making life pretty uncomfortable for the residents in the region. Although much of the south has become industrialized, there is still a considerable dependency on cash crops such as tobacco, corn and other harvests for revenue.

Western Region

States in this area include California, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Hawaii, Utah, Washington, and Oregon. The Western region of the United States typically experiences milder climates, though states like Alaska, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Utah, and Montana can have cold extremes that include heavy snowfall or extended periods of rain. The initial attraction for settlers to this territory was the promise of abundant gold and vast amounts of unclaimed property. Stories of instant wealth caused a surge in the population of the area during the late 1800s. However, in modern times, the Western region has created niches that have provided major revenue opportunities for the region. Silicon Valley has become the cradle of technology while Los Angeles is often synonymous with the motion picture and music industries.

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