What Do Lizards Eat? - Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Kelly Beaty

Kelly has taught fifth grade language arts and adult ESL. She has a master's degree in education and a graduate certificate in TESOL.

Lizards come in many shapes and sizes, and they eat a variety of things. In this lesson, you will learn about the things that different kinds of lizards eat.

Lizards in Our World

I love lizards. In fact, I used to have a pet bearded dragon named Famen. In his 10 years of life, I watched Famen eat cockroaches, beetles, meal worms, crickets, strawberries, lettuce, green beans, and more. Watching him eat a cockroach was really gross!

My Pet Bearded Dragon Eating Beans

Bearded dragons come from the desert areas of Australia where they eat plants and insects. Learning about bearded dragons helped me know how to feed Famen. But learning about what lizards eat can be tricky because there are so many different types of lizards in the world.

Lizards live in different habitats, or places. You can find them in rain forests, deserts, mountains, back yards, and rocky places. They live in almost every country in the whole world! Some are only a few inches long. Others are larger than a full-grown man.

What do Lizards Eat?

So what do lizards eat? The short answer to this question is 'vegetables, fruits, bugs, and small animals.' But this answer is way too simple for the huge group of reptiles we call lizards! The thousands of different kinds of lizards in the world do not all eat the same things.

One thing all lizards have in common is that they need water to survive. Most lizards get this by drinking water, but some are able to absorb water through their skin! This is especially helpful for lizards that have rain as their main source of water.

What lizards eat in the wild depends on what is available to them in their natural habitats. Lizards can be divided into groups that eat both plants and animals, only animals, or only plants.

Lizards that Eat Plants and Animals

Many lizards, like Famen, are omnivores. This means that they eat foods from plants, like fruits and vegetables, and they also eat insects and small animals. Smaller lizards tend to stick with insects, but larger ones also eat small mammals.

Here are some of the things an omnivorous lizard might eat:

  • strawberries
  • lettuce
  • leaves
  • green beans
  • tomatoes
  • meal worms
  • crickets
  • moths
  • cockroaches
  • mice

Lizards that Eat Animals (Including Insects and Worms)

Some lizards are carnivores. This means that they eat other animals and insects.

Here are some of the things a carnivorous lizard might eat:

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