What Does a Doctor Do? - Lesson for Kids

What Does a Doctor Do? - Lesson for Kids
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  • 0:03 What is a Doctor?
  • 0:27 The Job of a Doctor
  • 1:15 Other Types of Doctors
  • 2:34 Example
  • 3:11 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

Have you ever wondered what doctors do all day long? Come and learn about the different types of doctors, including doctors in the office, hospital, and lab, and what their jobs are.

What Is a Doctor?

Sometimes when you get sick, all you need is to sleep and drink plenty of fluids. Other times, you need to see a doctor, a specially trained and licensed medical professional. The type of doctor that children see is called a pediatrician, while an adult usually goes to a primary care physician. Let's take a look at some of the basic duties involved in the role of a doctor.

The Job of a Doctor

Let's say you're visiting your pediatrician, Dr. Bee, because you haven't been feeling so great lately. After the nurse has run some basic tests on you, the doctor comes in. The doctor will ask you a few questions about your symptoms and examine you. Next, Dr. Bee will make a diagnosis, which is when the doctor uses test results and info about your symptoms to determine what illness you have. Think of a doctor as a detective--both use a series of clues to find an answer.

Sometimes, your diagnosis is easy, like a cold, strep throat, or ear infection. In these cases, the doctor might write you a prescription and send you home. Other times, the doctor may have to work with other types of doctors to come up with a diagnosis and a solution to your illness.

Other Types of Doctors

Doctors work in many different types of settings--not just in doctor's offices. For instance, they may work in emergency rooms, specialty clinics, and even laboratories.


Doctors who are specialists specialize on a certain area of medicine or a particular body part. For example, dermatologists treats the skin, cardiologists treat the heart, and pulmonologists treat the lungs.

Emergency Room Doctors

Have you ever gone to the emergency room? It can feel pretty scary, but there are emergency room doctors there to help when something unexpected happens, and they're specially trained to deal with things like broken bones and bad cuts.

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