What Is a Chemical Property of Matter? - Definition & Examples

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  • 0:04 Definition
  • 0:27 Examples
  • 1:50 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Derrick Arrington

Derrick has taught biology and chemistry at both the high school and college level. He has a master's degree in science education.

All matter is characterized based on its properties. In this lesson, you will learn about the different chemical properties of matter and ways to identify them.

Definition of Chemical Properties of Matter

As you look at the things around you, it is easy to see many of their physical properties such as color, shape, and size. Some properties of a substance are not as obvious, unless the substance has changed composition as a result of a chemical reaction. A chemical property is the ability of a substance to combine with or change into one or more other substances.

Examples of Chemical Properties of Matter

Have you ever seen a rusty bicycle that has been left out in the elements by its owner? It was probably once bright and shiny. However, one of the chemical properties of iron is that it forms rust when exposed to oxygen. This causes the shiny bicycle to turn into a rust-bucket and is an example of a chemical change due to chemical properties.

The inability of a substance to undergo chemical change is also an example of a chemical property. If you take the shiny new bike from the first example, place it in a room filled with nitrogen and leave it there forever, there will be no changes. This is another example of a chemical property of iron.

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