What is a Frequency Distribution Table? - Definition & Example

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  • 0:03 Frequency Distribution Tables
  • 0:44 Using Frequency…
  • 1:11 Make a Frequency…
  • 1:48 Example
  • 2:45 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Nola Bridgens

Nola has taught elementary school and tutored for four years. She has a bachelor's degree in Elementary Education, a master's degree in Marketing, and is a certified teacher.

In this lesson, we'll discover what a frequency distribution table is and describe its characteristics. We'll also identify some situations where it would be helpful.

Frequency Distribution Tables

Do you ever get tired of having the same thing for lunch? Have you ever wondered how many days in a month you eat a sandwich for lunch? A frequency distribution table can help you organize this data to find out.

A frequency distribution table is a chart that summarizes values and their frequency. It's a useful way to organize data if you have a list of numbers that represent the frequency of a certain outcome in a sample. A frequency distribution table has two columns. The first column lists all the various outcomes that occur in the data, and the second column lists the frequency of each outcome. Putting this kind of data into a table helps make it simpler to understand and analyze.

Using Frequency Distribution Tables

If a baseball team scored 0 runs in the 1st inning, 1 run in the 2nd inning, 3 runs in the 3rd inning, 0 runs in the 4th inning, 1 run in the 5th inning, 2 runs in the 6th inning, 0 runs in the 7th inning, 0 runs in the 8th inning, and 1 run in the 9th inning, we could create a frequency distribution table to help organize this data. Reading this kind of data in sentence format is very confusing and hard to use.

Make a Frequency Distribution Table

To create a frequency distribution table, we would first need to list all the outcomes in the data. In this example, the outcomes are 0 runs, 1 run, 2 runs, and 3 runs. We would list these numbers in numerical order in the first column. Next, we need to count how many times each outcome occurred. They scored 0 runs in the 1st, 4th, 7th, and 8th innings, 1 run in the 2nd, 5th, and 9th innings, 2 runs in the 6th inning, and 3 runs in the 3rd inning. We place the frequency of each outcome in the second column. You can see that the table is a much better way to display this information.

Frequency Table

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