The modern manufacturing process begins long before the products roll off an assembly line and ends long after they do. In this lesson, you'll learn about the steps in the manufacturing process. A short quiz follows.
The manufacturing process is a procedure undertaken by a manufacturing firm by which it transforms ideas into products that are then distributed to the market for sale. The process involves a sequence of steps that occasionally will overlap. Let's take a look at the steps.
Modern manufacturing involves six activities or steps. Keep in mind that while these steps are general undertaken in sequence, there is some overlap.
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Research involves exploration of new technologies for new consumer products as well as manufacturing processes.
Design and development is where you take ideas generated from your research and translate them into specifications for production. Prototypes will usually be developed, and if there are problems, the idea may be sent back for further research. If the prototype is successful, it will move to the next step.
Logistics is a vital part of the process and involves the flow of information and materials from outside and inside the organization. It makes sure raw materials and components are available for production and that information goes where it is needed.
Production is where you take the design and specifications from a successful prototype and start producing the product for the marketplace. Production can be handled in a few different ways. Some production is still done by hand such as assembly of intricate parts. Some production is handled through automation such as robots attaching doors on cars. Sometimes a firm will outsource part of the manufacturing process to a third party to save money.
Sales and distribution involves the promotion of the product and product disbursement. You can promote the product directly to consumers or indirectly through establishing relationships with wholesale and retail distribution channels.
Services are often provided to customers that have purchased the product. Services include technical support and repair services. In fact, product-related services are often a large component of revenue for many manufacturers.
A manufacturing process is a set of steps that are undertaken by a manufacturing firm in producing a product from conception to distribution to the marketplace. You can think of it as a series of six steps that may occasionally overlap. The steps include research, design and development, logistics, production, sales and distribution, and services.
Manufacturing Process Overview
a set of procedures undertaken by a manufacturing firm in which it transforms ideas into products that are then distributed to the market for sale
research, design and development, logistics, production, sales and distribution, and services
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