Copyright

What is a Phonogram? - Definition & Examples

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Keyword Method: Definition & Examples

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:03 Reading Processes
  • 0:30 Definition of Phonogram
  • 2:14 Examples of Phonograms
  • 5:41 Lesson Summary
Add to Add to Add to

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Login or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

Understanding phonograms helps readers and writers decode words and spell words correctly. In this lesson, we will learn how phonograms are combined to create words.

Reading Processes

When you are reading, writing, or spelling, there are several processes that take place at once. You put together letter sounds to create words while using what you already know about the way sentences are put together and the meaning of words to make sense out of the words you decode. Each word you decipher is made up of phonograms. Let's learn more about phonograms.

Definition of Phonogram

What are phonograms? Phonograms are the letter symbols that comprise a sound. Phonograms may be made up of one letter or letter teams. For example, the /b/ in the word 'boy' is made up of a single letter 'b.' However, the /ch/ in the word 'chip' is comprised of a letter team 'ch' that come together to make a single sound.

Letter teams may be consonant teams, such as /ck/ in 'duck', or they may be vowel teams, such as the 'ai' in 'pail.' Letter teams also represent the 'r-controlled vowels,' such as /er/ in 'bird.' Letter teams may represent irregular sounds as well, such as 'ci' that contains the /sh/ in 'mortician.'

Every sound within a word has a phonogram to represent it. For example, in the word 'rip,' you hear three individual sounds (/r/-/i/-/p/), which are represented by three phonograms (r-i-p). However, in the word 'right,' you also hear three individual sounds (/r/-/i/-/t/) that are represented by the phonograms (r-igh-t). The number of phonograms matches the number of sounds, but does not necessarily match the number of letters that are used to create that sound.

Understanding phonograms makes decoding and spelling words much easier. Let's review some phonograms you should learn.

Examples of Phonograms

We will start with letter phonograms. Each of the letters of the alphabet represents at least one phonogram; however, some letters represent more than one phonogram. Here are a few irregularities:

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Free 5-day trial

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account
Support