What is a Research Proposal? - Components & Examples

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: What is Graphic Design? - Definition & Explanation

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:01 What is a Research Proposal?
  • 1:25 Components of a Proposal
  • 3:55 Lesson Summary
Add to Add to Add to

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Login or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Brianna Whiting
In this lesson, we will look at what it takes to write a research proposal. We'll look at questions to ask before beginning and the components that need to be included.

What is a Research Proposal?

There you are. You have a great idea that your company would benefit from, but there is just one problem. Your great idea requires funding, and it is up to you to convince your company why they should grant you the money needed. In order to do this, you immediately decide to write a research proposal.

So, let's take a look at what a research proposal is. When someone is interested in obtaining support for research, they often write a research proposal. These proposals are intended to convince people that your ideas and projects are important. They strive to explain how you can satisfactorily complete the project. A research proposal needs to let people know why the project is a good and/or needed idea and that you understand what information and studies are already out there. Keep in mind that the way the proposal is written is also important, as grammar, structure, and content can make a difference in whether or not the proposal is accepted or rejected.

While conducting a proposal, several questions need to be answered so that those you hope will support your research, understand the significance and reason behind your work.

The following are some important questions to answer:

  • What are you going to do?
  • How much money do you need to complete your project?
  • How long will it take?
  • Why do you feel the project will help or benefit the sponsors?
  • Why are you the one for the job?
  • What are your qualifications?
  • What will you do with the results?

Components of a Proposal

Let's now take a look at some of the important components of a research proposal.

1.) Title

A title should be thorough enough that it lets the reader know what the project is, but brief enough that it is not overwhelming or too complex to understand. It should grab the reader's attention and convince them to read more.

2.) Abstract

In the abstract, the writer gives a short summary that contains the problem the research will look to solve. It will outline the solution by explaining the method, procedures, and instruments that will be used.

3.) Table of Contents

This section lets the reader know the main components of the proposal, and the order in which they are presented. For example, it would outline that the methods section begins on page 18, and the budget section starts on page 21.

4.) Introduction

Perhaps the most important part of an introduction is your statement of the problem, your purpose, and the significance. For example, what is your project, why is it important, and what will the results be used for? Your introduction is also a place to include any necessary background information, so that your reader is prepared to learn about your project. For example, are there key terms and definitions that need to be explained?

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?
I am a teacher

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account
Support