What is an Organogram? - Definition, Structure & Example

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: What Is Visual Communication? - Definition, History, Theory & Examples

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:00 What Is an Organogram?
  • 1:12 Hierarchical Organizations
  • 2:45 Matrix Organograms
  • 3:31 Flat Organograms
  • 4:14 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed Audio mode

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Susan Fenner

Susan has an MBA in Management from the University of North Alabama. She teaches online and campus-based Business courses.

How can a firm visually communicate its flow of authority and information? Let's take a closer look at an organizational tool known as an organogram and how it can be used to answer the age old question, 'Who's in charge here?'

Definition of an Organogram

Ted was a little nervous about his new job. It was his dream job in a large advertising firm, and he wanted to get off to a good start. As he was unpacking the box of office supplies that had been requisitioned for him, his supervisor poked her head in the door.

'Glad to have you on board,' she said. 'This is a great place to work, and I think you're going to like it here. Did you have a chance to look at the organogram that was in the new hire packet?'

Ted froze as he felt a flush rise on his cheeks. 'Organogram? What's that?' He thought. He had carefully looked over all the paperwork in the packet, but what was this organogram she's talking about? He felt his stomach sinking. 'So much for impressing the boss. ' He thought sadly.

Poor Ted. He didn't realize that an organogram is just another name for an organizational chart. It's a diagram that shows the structure of an organization and how the various positions are related to each other. It is frequently used to show the chain of command and relative ranking of various positions in an organization or department and may include information such as the job titles, names, and areas of responsibility for the employees.

Hierachical Organograms

This organogram show a hierarchical, or ranked, relationship.

Hierarchical organogram fora business firm

It's is an example of an organogram for a manufacturing plant. The CEO is the head of the organization. Below the CEO there are four Vice Presidents, or VPs, each with a separate area of responsibility. The VPs are directly responsible to the CEO and of equal rank with each other. Below each VP are the positions they supervise. Using the example of the financial department, the Junior Accountants report to the Chief Accountant. The Chief Accountant reports to the Vice President of Finance, and the Vice President of Finance reports to the CEO.

Now, let's take a look an example of what an organogram for a college might look like.

Organogram for a college

The Board of Trustees supervises the president of the college. The president directly supervises the administrative assistant and five executive officers: provost & treasurer, dean, VP of development, VP of public affairs, and VP of human resources. Notice that the administrative assistant's position does not have any supervisory responsibilities, but each of the executive officers under the president is responsible for managing specific functions, which are listed directly below them in purple in the chart.

Note that this differs a bit from our first example. In the first example, every listing in the chart was a position in the company. In the second example of an organogram, some of the listings are positions, but under those positions are the functions that they are responsible for, not specifically the people that they supervise.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account