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What is Bullying? - Definition, Types & Coping Strategies

What is Bullying? - Definition, Types & Coping Strategies
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  • 0:05 Why We're Talking…
  • 0:44 Definition of Bullying
  • 1:20 Types of Bullying
  • 3:41 Bullying Actions
  • 4:22 Detecting and Coping…
  • 5:30 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Monica Gragg

Monica has taught college-level courses in Tourism, HR and Adult Education. She has a Master's in Education and is three years into a PhD.

In this lesson, we examine different forms of bullying and identify those who are more likely to be bullies, as well as those who are more likely to be victimized. We also discuss warning signs and how we can help others cope with bullying.

Why We're Talking About Bullying

You may know many kids' movies that gave a humorous or nostalgic depiction of bullying—think of Phillips in The Sandlot or Scut Farkus in the A Christmas Story. Sadly, the truth is that bullying is a very serious and dangerous presence in schools, becoming so prevalent that we now refer to the ''bullying epidemic.'' It is estimated that anywhere from 13 to 18 million students are bullied in the United States every year, severely impacting education and safety. Tragically, increasing numbers of young people who find themselves the victims of bullying are turning to self-harm and even suicide.

Definition of Bullying

Bullying is any unwanted, aggressive behavior, usually between school-aged children or teens. The behavior makes the target uncomfortable, especially as bullying is usually a repeated act. According to the National Education Association, the top reasons students are bullied are weight, gender, disability, and perceived sexual orientation. With more awareness of the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) community, bullying based on sexual orientation has dramatically increased over the years.

A bully comes in two common forms. One type of bully is popular, has social power, and leads a social group. These bullies will bully to maintain popularity. The other typical bully has few friends, a low self-esteem, and may struggle with issues such as depression or anxiety. Peer pressure will encourage them to bully. Both types of bullies are easily frustrated or aggressive, have issues at home, problems with following rules, and they view violence in a positive way.

Types of Bullying

Three main categories of bullying are: direct bullying, indirect bullying, and cyberbullying.

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