What Is Dyscalculia? - Symptoms, Definition & Treatment

Instructor: Alyssa Gilston
Dyscalculia refers to a learning disability in mathematics. It is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) as a Mathematics Disorder under the Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood or Adolescence.

Dyscalculia
Numbers

Dyscalculia is the name of an Axis I disorder that identifies a specific learning disability in mathematics. It is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as a Mathematics Disorder under the Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood or Adolescence. Dyscalculia is the term used to identify those who demonstrate problems with numbers. Those with dyscalculia may also have problems with learning to tell time, as well as issues with identifying the left side from the right side. Despite their problems with math and numbers, people with dyscalculia may have an average or even above average IQ score.

Characteristics of Dyscalculia

There are a number of characteristics of dyscalculia. The essential feature of this mathematics disorder is a deficit in mathematics ability, as measured by an individual standardized test involving calculation or reasoning. Dyscalculia includes a wide range of math difficulties, such as problems with addition, multiplication, division, and abstract problems. Because those with this disorder do not understand basic mathematical concepts, they do not remember and cannot build on them to master more complex problems. For example, someone with dyscalculia may have difficulty putting a group of ten numbers in order from lowest to highest.

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