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What Is Dysuria? - Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

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  • 0:00 Definition and Symptoms
  • 0:59 Causes of Dysuria
  • 2:19 Treatments for Dysuria
  • 3:05 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Lynee Carter
In this lesson, you will learn about dysuria, including common symptoms, causes, and treatments. You will also discover how symptoms differ between males and females.

Dysuria Definition and Symptoms

Pain can be an annoying when you experience it every time you urinate. Since urinating is a daily activity, you might find yourself dreading bathroom visits and eventually avoiding them altogether, which can make things worse. What's being described here is known as dysuria.

This is a medical term used to describe uncomfortable or painful urination. This pain can occur before and after you urinate. Some people say they have an irritating or burning feeling in the tube where the urine comes out of the body, called the urethra. Other people have pain in their abdomen, flank, or back.

They may complain of feeling like they have to urinate several times a day (urinary frequency) or like they have to urinate immediately (urinary urgency); however, when they go to the bathroom, very little urine comes out. Men are also more likely than women to complain of taking longer to begin urinating even though they feel the urge to go (called urinary hesitancy).

Dysuria

Causes of Dysuria

There are several reasons a person may have dysuria. The most common cause is a form of a urinary tract infection, or UTI. When bacteria enters the body, it can quickly multiply and become very irritating to the urinary tract. This can lead to infections in the urethra, bladder, and kidney. It can even cause prostate infections in men.

One of the most common bacteria that causes UTI's is Escherichia coli, commonly known as E. coli, which is found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Because there is a shorter distance between the urethra and the rectum in women, bacteria from the GI tract can easily get into the urinary tract. This is the reason women are more likely to have UTI's more than men.

UTI

Irritation, trauma, and obstruction to the urinary system are other issues that can lead to dysuria. A person may be sensitive to certain soaps, detergents, lotions, and perfumes that can stimulate an allergic reaction in the urethra. There are also injuries from catheter placement, lesions, or any disruption of the tissue that can cause discomfort when coming in contact with urine.

Extreme pain from medical conditions that block or reduce urine flow are seen in people with kidney, urethral, and bladder stones. Cancers of the urinary tract that produce tumors can also cause painful urination.

stones

Treatments for Dysuria

If the doctor suspects the dysuria is from a UTI, you will be asked to provide a sample of your urine in a small cup. It will then be tested to find out the type of bacteria that is in it.

Based on the results, a specific antibiotic will be prescribed to help get rid of the particular bacteria. To directly decrease the painful and burning sensation of dysuria, certain analgesics can be taken that numb the urinary tract.

urine

Other treatments are also based on the causes of dysuria. If the discomfort is from irritation of the skin, stopping the use of the problematic agents is beneficial.

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