Login
Copyright

What Is Gender Equality? - Definition & Issues

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: What Is Racism? - Definition, Examples & History

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:01 Gender Equality
  • 0:50 Issues in the U.S.
  • 3:31 International Issues
  • 4:58 Lesson Summary
Add to Add to Add to

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Login or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Natalie Boyd

Natalie is a teacher and holds an MA in English Education and is in progress on her PhD in psychology.

In what ways are people discriminated against based on gender? And what does gender equality mean for both men and women? In this lesson, we'll explore gender equality and some issues both in America and internationally that are related to it.

Gender Equality

Luly wants her son and daughter to grow up in a world that is safe and equal for both of them, even though they are different genders. But she worries that her children will be treated differently in life because one is a girl and one is a boy. Luly is worrying about gender equality, or the condition in which neither gender is discriminated against. Usually, people think of gender equality as relating only to women, as they are usually the gender discriminated against. But men can face gender equality issues as well. America and other countries have made great strides in reaching for gender equality, but there are still issues both here and abroad that can arise. To help Luly understand gender equality better, let's take a look at some of those issues.

Issues in the U.S.

Here in America, gender equality is better than in many places around the world, as we'll see in a moment. In fact, things are so good here comparatively, that many people believe that there isn't a gender equality problem here at all. They maintain that women and men are treated equally all the time. However, there are still issues here in the U.S.

One major issue that is often is discussed is the pay gap, or the fact that, on average, women are paid less than men. This can be due to many things, including the fact that women might not negotiate their salary, that they might choose to go into lower paying careers, or that they might choose to take time off to take care of their families. But even when those things are eliminated, the average woman's salary is lower than the average man's salary for the same job and the same qualifications.

One issue related to the pay gap is the promotion gap, which deals with the fact that women, on average, get promoted less often than men. This promotion gap becomes bigger and bigger the higher up in an institution you go, so that there are far fewer female CEOs than male ones.

Women aren't the only ones who face gender equality issues at work, though. Men in traditionally female careers, such as teaching or nursing, often face stigma and pressures that men in other careers don't. For example, if Luly's son wants to be a teacher, he might have people who look down on him because of it or he might face pressure from society to move into another career. He could even be bullied for his career choices.

A related problem, which impacts both women and men in traditionally female careers, is that men in those careers are often singled out and pressured to be promoted to management. For example, if Luly's son feels that being a teacher is the right choice for him, he might still be pressured to become a principal. This means that there are fewer opportunities for female teachers to become principals, which is a negative thing. But it also can cause problems for men who don't want to be promoted and face pressure and discrimination or harassment if they resist.

In addition to issues at work, there are also gender equality challenges when it comes to sex. Sexual assault and harassment is a common problem that can affect both genders, but that disproportionally affects women. But even if a woman is not sexually assaulted or harassed, she might still face judgment or backlash for being herself. While men are allowed a certain amount of sexual freedom in this country, women still often face barriers to expressing their sexuality. This double standard allows men to play the field and still be respected, while women who sleep with many people are seen in negative terms and often described with very negative words.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?
I am a teacher

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account
Support