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What Is Myalgia? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment

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  • 0:00 What Is Myalgia?
  • 0:32 Causes and Symptoms
  • 2:17 Treatment
  • 3:12 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

In this lesson, you're going to learn about a health condition called myalgia. We will examine a few of its many causes and the types of symptoms a person with myalgia might exhibit, as well as the various treatment options available.

What Is Myalgia?

If you're an athlete, you've likely had myalgia as a result of something like a collision or sheer exhaustion. Even if you're not an athlete, you probably had this the last time you had a bad flu. What is myalgia? It is simply muscle pain. Myalgia is a word that derives from the prefix my(o)-, meaning muscle, and the suffix -algia, which refers to pain or a painful condition. Thus, we get myalgia, or muscular pain.

Let's go over the causes, symptoms, and treatments of myalgia.

Causes and Symptoms

As mentioned earlier, athletic exertion or trauma, as well as the flu, can all cause muscle aches and pains. Of course, there are plenty of other conditions that can cause muscle pain in addition to too much stress and overuse of muscles. These conditions might include:

  • Polymyositis - an inflammatory disease of the muscles
  • Fibromyalgia - a condition linked to genetics, emotions, and infections
  • Hypothyroidism - or low levels of thyroid hormone production by the body
  • Lupus - an autoimmune disorder where the body attacks itself
  • Rheumatoid arthritis - an inflammatory disorder that attacks joints in the hands or feet
  • Various infections caused by the staphylococcus bacteria
  • Lyme disease - a disease transmitted by a tick that infects people with a bacterium

Many other conditions can cause myalgia as well. The symptoms of myalgia are obvious based on the definition of the word. It's muscle aches and pains. How severe these pains are, how long they last, and whether they're located in only one place or all throughout the body depends upon the exact cause of the myalgia.

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