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What Is the EEOC? - Definition & Concept

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  • 0:03 Definition & Concept
  • 0:43 Authority & Roles
  • 1:49 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Shawn Grimsley
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is an important government agency that affects employers and employees. In this lesson, you'll find out what the EEOC is and what it does.

Definition & Concept

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is a federal government agency that enforces federal employment discrimination laws and regulates certain employment activities. These laws cover discrimination based upon race, national origin, color, religion, sex, disability or genetic information. Examples of work situations subject to enforcement include hiring, firing, training, promotion, wages, benefits, and harassment. Businesses should be aware of the EEOC to ensure compliance with the law, and employees should be aware of the organization to know their rights.

Authority & Roles

The EEOC is authorized to investigate complaints of employment discrimination filed by employees against employers. Employers who have at least 15 employees are usually subject to the employment discrimination laws the EEOC enforces, with the exception of age discrimination, which requires 20 employees.

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