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What Is the EEOC? - Definition & Concept

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Shawn Grimsley

Shawn has a masters of public administration, JD, and a BA in political science.

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is a government agency that is responsible for the enforcement of civil laws and regulations concerning the discrimination of employees or applicants in the workplace. Explore the definition and underlying concept of EEOC, and learn about the roles of EEOC and its authority for preventing and investigating problems of employment discrimination. Updated: 11/05/2021

Definition & Concept

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is a federal government agency that enforces federal employment discrimination laws and regulates certain employment activities. These laws cover discrimination based upon race, national origin, color, religion, sex, disability or genetic information. Examples of work situations subject to enforcement include hiring, firing, training, promotion, wages, benefits, and harassment. Businesses should be aware of the EEOC to ensure compliance with the law, and employees should be aware of the organization to know their rights.

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  • 0:03 Definition & Concept
  • 0:43 Authority & Roles
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Authority & Roles

The EEOC is authorized to investigate complaints of employment discrimination filed by employees against employers. Employers who have at least 15 employees are usually subject to the employment discrimination laws the EEOC enforces, with the exception of age discrimination, which requires 20 employees.

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