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Wolf Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Diane Sieverson

Diane has taught all subjects at the elementary level, was the principal of a K-8 private school and has a master's degree in Measurement and Evaluation.

In the dog family, wolves are the biggest members that are wild. This lesson will teach you about wolves, where they live, why they howl and some other cool facts about them.

What is a Wolf?

You are hiking on a cool, dark night. The stars are out and you don't need a flashlight because the moon is bright. In the distance, you hear something howling loudly. That howl echoes off of everything around you, though you can't see where the sound is coming from. Other howls join the sad sounding choir. You are listening to wolves!

You've probably read about wolves in fairytales, but the real ones are much more interesting. A wolf is a large, wild animal that is related to dogs and lives and hunts in groups. Those groups are called packs.

Wolves roam in packs, or groups
Wolf Pack

Wolf Behavior

Wolves like to be around other wolves in their pack, which is like their family, but will attack and drive out other wolves that try to wander into their territory. From time to time, two packs will unite to form a new pack.

Howling is a way for wolves to talk to each other, the way you call someone on the phone or send them a text. They howl to figure out where the other pack members are, before they hunt together, and to let other wolves know to stay away because this is their pack's territory. You can hear a wolf's howl up to 120 miles away on a quiet night!

Howling isn't the only way wolves communicate. Even their tails do the talking for them. The tails of the lead wolves in the pack are held high, to show they are in charge. The more submissive wolves that aren't in charge hold their tails lower.

Wolf fur is thick to protect them from changing temperatures, and it comes in many colors, including white, black, gray and brownish tan. A wolf's color depends on where it lives and helps it blend in to its surroundings.

Wolf fur is very thick and helps protect their bodies from the cold, even in the snow
Wolf in the Snow

Where Do Wolves Live?

In the wild, wolves can be found in North America, Asia and Europe, though in some places there are so few wolves left that they may eventually disappear. Scientists are trying to keep that from happening.

Wolves are good at adjusting to different conditions and are found in places like forests, grasslands, mountains, and even near cities and towns.

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