Women in the American Revolution Lesson Plan

Instructor: Carrin Hahn

Carrin taught 3rd grade for ten years, worked as a learning specialist with K-5 students, and has a Master's degree in Elementary Education.

Students may know about the Patriots and the British, but they might not know about women's roles working as cooks, nurses, and more during the American Revolution. Students will play a game and write a journal entry with their new knowledge.

Learning Objectives

Upon completing this lesson, the students will be able to

  • Identify roles of women in the American Revolution
  • Compare roles of women in the military then and today
  • Write narratives from the perspective of a woman during the War

Length

60-90 minutes

Curriculum Standards

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.6-8.2

Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.6-8.10

By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

Materials

Lesson Preparation

  • Beforehand, you will want to create a master copy of an almost-Jeopardy game. The game should have 25 squares, 5 rows by 5 columns.
  • Below are the questions and answers. You will want to have both on the master copy. The questions are first, and the answers are in parentheses.
    • Who said 'remember the ladies'? (Abigail Adams)
    • What was women's traditional role during the 1770's? (Managed the household and raised children)
    • True or false. The role of women in the American Revolution was an integral part in helping America achieve independence. (True)
    • Who mostly fought in the war? (Men)
    • True or false. Men could quickly communicate about when they were coming home from the war. (False)
    • Who mostly earned income in the 1770's? (Men)
    • During the war, women in middle and upper classes did what in addition to raising children? (Managed farms or businesses)
    • During what time period did the Daughters of Liberty exist? (1765 through the Revolutionary War)
    • What were two major roles of the Daughters of Liberty? (They stimulated patriotism and they decreased colonists' dependence on British goods.)
    • How did the Daughters of Liberty decrease dependence on British goods? (They organized boycotts of the goods and they encouraged women to make homemade supplies for their families and soldiers)
    • What was the name for poorer women and children who moved with the army? (Camp Followers)
    • True or False. Only Patriot women were camp followers. (False)
    • Some women did this to assist soldiers because they wanted to. (Volunteered)
    • Name three ways the lesson describes having women and children at camp. (Dangerous, distracting, and expensive)
    • True or false. The army had lots of money with which to feed and clothe the soldiers. (False)
    • What is the reason the army liked having families at camp? (It increased the soldiers' morale.)
    • Name three jobs of female camp followers. (Clean, cook, care for wounded or sick)
    • What was an opportunity for some women camp followers to make money? (They started their own cooking or cleaning businesses.)
    • What was one of the most important roles for women in the camps? (Nursing the wounded or sick)
    • What were the reasons for the shortage of nurses? (It was dirty work and dangerous.)
    • What happened in recognition of nurses' bravery and patriotism? (Congress decided to pay the nurses.)
    • In what ways were women directly involved in the war? (They worked as spies or fighters.)
    • Since it was normal to see women in the Patriots and British camps, women could walk into the enemies' camps and do this. (Eavesdrop)
    • Women sometimes did this so they could take up arms. (Disguise themselves as men)
    • Who is famous for operating her fallen husband's cannon? (Molly Pitcher)
    • Besides being the name of a famous woman fighter, what else did 'Molly Pitcher' mean? (It symbolized all the women who fought.)

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