Woodrow Wilson Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Anna Reinking

Anni taught elementary school for eight years and is currently teaching college. She received her Ed.D. in Curriculum and Instruction.

The 28th president of the United States, Woodrow Wilson, had a mission and mind set for world peace. He served two terms as President. In this lesson you will learn more interesting facts about the life of President Wilson.

Early Life of Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson was the 28th president of the United States. He was born in 1856 with the name Theodore Woodrow Wilson. He was born in Virginia to a Presbyterian minister, Joseph, and a preacher's daughter, Janet. He spent most of his childhood in Georgia and South Carolina. At a young age Wilson saw war and bloodshed. During the American Civil War (1861-1865) his father served as a chaplain and their church was used as a hospital.

Woodrow Wilson

Political Life

After graduating from Princeton University in 1879 he attended law school at the University of Virginia. After graduation he practiced law for a short time and then went back to school to receive his Ph.D. from John Hopkins University in 1886. After becoming Dr. Wilson, he worked as a professor and later became the president of Princeton.

In 1910 he was elected governor of New Jersey. Then, in 1913, the Democratic Party decided to nominate him for president and he won.

President Woodrow Wilson

Traveling in a horse -drawn carriage, Woodrow Wilson was sworn into office in March 1913 and overall served two terms as president.

During his presidency he passed legislation that established a Federal Reserve or a system to regulate banks and money supply. He also passed legislation regarding child labor laws, an eight hour work day, and loans for farmers. In his second term he tried to stop the 18th Amendment, which banned the production, sale, and transportation of alcohol; however Congress passed legislation. Additionally, during his time in office women gained the right to vote with the passage of the 19th Amendment.

In 1914, when World War I began, President Wilson was in office. Although he did not approve of the war, Germany attacked two U.S. ships in 1917. Therefore, at the beginning of his second term in office on April 2, 1917, Wilson went to Congress and asked them to declare war on Germany. The war then ended in 1918. The following year, President Wilson met with world officials to negotiate the Treaty of Versailles, which was an agreement that the League of Nations would help countries get along in the future to prevent wars. However, despite his efforts, Congress never passed the Treaty of Versailles. Wilson did receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 1920 for his efforts in peacemaking, though.

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