World Geography: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Philip McMurry

Philip has taught college history, English, and political science, and he has a doctorate in American history.

This lesson explores the various types of geography on our planet, focusing on the different terms, as well as describing some of the greatest geographical features in the world.

The Big Blue Planet Earth

Can you imagine traveling completely around the world? What kinds of sights would you see? Planet Earth is a fascinating place full of so many different kinds of geography and amazing places to explore!

Earth as Seen From Space
Earth Seen From Space

The Continents

A continent is a large area of land; there are seven continents on Earth: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Antarctica. The largest continent is Asia, while the smallest is Australia. Another interesting thing about Australia is that it is also the name of a country. Most of the other continents are home to many different countries. Antarctica, which is located at the South Pole, is the only continent that is not home to any independent nations.

The Seven Continents
continents

The Oceans

The largest bodies of water are called oceans; there are five in the world: the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and Arctic. The largest and deepest of the oceans is the Pacific, followed by the Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and Arctic. Because the Arctic is located at the North Pole, it is often covered by ice. Oceans are made of salt water, which is why you cannot drink from them!

The Oceans
oceans

Mountains

There are mountain ranges on all seven of the continents. The tallest mountain in the world is Mount Everest, which is located in the Himalayan Mountain Range in Asia. Its peak is over 29,000 feet above sea level! The longest mountain range in the world is made up of the Andes Mountains in South America. This chain of mountains is over 4,500 feet long! On tall mountain peaks, you'll find snow and ice all year round because the higher in elevation you go, the colder it gets.

Rivers and Lakes

The longest river in the world is the Nile River in Africa, which is over 4,200 miles long! Its source is in the jungles of central Africa, and it flows through the deserts of Egypt before finally emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. Freshwater rivers carry salts and minerals out to the oceans, which is why ocean water is salty. The largest freshwater lake in the world is Lake Superior in North America. It is almost 31,500 square miles in area. The deepest lake in the world is Lake Baikal in Asia. It is over a mile deep because it was created by a giant crevice in the Earth.

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