Worm Farm Lesson Farm

Instructor: Christopher Muscato

Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado.

With this lesson plan, your students are going to make and maintain worm farms. They will record data on these farms over an extended period and analyze it to learn about worm behavior and role in the environment.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Describe the ways that worms can impact soils and composition
  • Conduct long-term experiments and record data
  • Analyze large sets of simple data for similarities and differences


  • 90 minutes for first day
  • 4-5 months for entire project

Curriculum Standards


Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks, attending to special cases or exceptions defined in the text.


Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.


  • Casting
  • Biopore


  • Worm farms, consisting of two sheets of clear glass set 3-5 inches apart
  • Three different types of soil, all of which have the ability to maintain a fair degree of moisture
  • Earthworms
  • Markers
  • Rulers
  • Organic matter to be used as earthworm food
  • Spray bottles and water
  • Light, breathable towels

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